Agentic State: acting as agent of authority figure, conscience suppressed, possible moral strain, defers responsibility to authority figure.
Autonomous state: acting of own free will, as individual, accepting responsibility, active conscience.
Apllication to Nazis
administering increasing powerful shocks. 65% to 450V
Hofling's study with nurses and the drug astroten. ordered to give overdose. 95% did.
1.2.3 Meeus and Raaijmakers
psychological violence instead of physical. 15 increasingly distressing remarks. 92% made all 15.
prejudice: preconceived opinion based on external factor such as age race religion etc
2.1 Social identity Theory
social categorisation : in-group/out-group.
social identification: accepting group norms
social comparison: putting out group down to boost in group self esteem.
boys in a summer camp.
ingroup favouritism. friction reduced by superordinate goals.
2.2.2 Jane elliot (optional)
Blue eyes brown eyes. class teacher.
treating someone differently because of prejudice
What's the difference?
Prejudice = thought
Discrimination = action
3 Research methods
random: everyone equal chance
stratified: classifying the population into groups and then taking samples proportional to the size they are within the target population.
opportunity: whoever is around at the time
volunteer: as suggests.
3.2 open and closed
open: in depth, increases validity, harder to analyse as produces qualatitative
closed: yes/no etc, reduces validity, narrow artificial. produces quantitative.