Augmentative & Alternative Communication

Mind Map by msalama08, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by msalama08 over 6 years ago


AAC day 1 mind map 1

Resource summary

Augmentative & Alternative Communication
  1. History
    1. Classical Rome - manual language for deaf
      1. Native Americans - manual languages to interact with other tribes
        1. Symbolic language without verbal communication (1960s and 70s)
          1. Morse code and communication boards
            1. Early device: alphabet spelling board
              1. Move to Mainstream: emergence of graphic picture symbols - Blissymbols (end of 70s)
                1. Now: multi-modal approach
    2. Clientele in need of AAC
      1. Congenital causes
        1. Severe intellectual disability
          1. Cerebral Palsy
            1. Autism Spectrum Disorder
              1. Developmental apraxia of speech
                1. Dysarthria
                2. Acquired causes
                  1. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
                    1. Multiple Sclerosis
                      1. Traumatic Brain Injury
                        1. CVA
                      2. Purposes of Communicative Intent
                        1. Communicate wants/needs
                          1. Information transfer
                            1. Social closeness
                              1. Social etiquette
                                1. To communicate with oneself or have internal dialogue
                                2. Sociorelational skills for AAC users
                                  1. Portray a positive self-image to their communicative partners
                                    1. Show interest in others and draw others in to interactions
                                      1. Actively participate and take turns
                                        1. Are responsive during conversation (comments, questions, etc.)
                                          1. Put partners at ease with AAC
                                            1. Make it functional
                                            2. Components of communicative competence for AAC user
                                              1. Linguistic competence
                                                1. Receptive & expressive language skills
                                                  1. Vocabulary - mastery vs. exposure/competence
                                                    1. Syntax, morphology, critical thinking
                                                      1. Literacy - phonics, reading, spelling, writing
                                                      2. Knowledge of linguistic code (i.e. drawings, words, signs, etc.)
                                                        1. Facilitators: specialists, parents, friends, etc.
                                                          1. Help learn code or symbol system
                                                            1. Learn symbol system to assist with practice
                                                              1. Provide lots and lots of models
                                                            2. Operational competence
                                                              1. Technical skills needed to operate AAC device
                                                                1. Facilitators take on much of this responsibility
                                                                  1. Operational needs
                                                                    1. Keep vocabulary and technology updated
                                                                      1. Construct overlays or displays
                                                                        1. Protect from damage, breakage, other issues
                                                                          1. Repairs as needed
                                                                            1. Modify system for future needs
                                                                              1. Ensure daily availability
                                                                            2. Social competence
                                                                              1. Skills of social interaction
                                                                                1. Initiating
                                                                                  1. Maintaining
                                                                                    1. Developing
                                                                                      1. Terminating
                                                                                      2. Important to give information to communication partners on adjustment of interactions to accommodate
                                                                                      3. Strategic competence
                                                                                        1. Compensatory strategies used by people who rely on AAC to deal with functional limitations associated with AAC
                                                                                          1. Interacting with those unfamiliar with AAC
                                                                                            1. Resolving communication breakdowns
                                                                                              1. Compensating for slow rate of speech
                                                                                              2. Preventing and correcting communication breakdown
                                                                                            2. Definition
                                                                                              1. ASHA defines as follows: "AAC is , foremost, a set of procedures by which an individual's communication skills (i.e. production as well as comprehension) can be maximized for functional and effective communication."
                                                                                                1. ranges from:
                                                                                                  1. gestures
                                                                                                    1. sign
                                                                                                      1. facial expressions
                                                                                                        1. alphabet & picture boards
                                                                                                          1. computerized systems with synthesized speech
                                                                                                          2. augmentative: adding to communication
                                                                                                            1. alternative: different means of communication
                                                                                                            2. Terminology
                                                                                                              1. Nonverbal: implied no symbolic language
                                                                                                                1. Non-vocal & non-speech: not accurate because some people can vocalize and speak
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