COMPONENTS OF THE LANGUAGE

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Mind Map by diana carolina h5416, updated more than 1 year ago
diana carolina h5416
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COMPONENTS OF THE LANGUAGE
  1. The componets of the language reading would not exist without the human capacity for language. Because the components of language and their associated terminology align with our demarcations for many of the elements of reading, they are described briefly in this section. Linguists have identified five basic components (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics) found across languages.
    1. Syntax: The study of how individual words and their most basic meaningful units are combined to create sentences is known as syntax. As words are grouped together when we communicate
      1. Phonology: The study of speech structure within a language, including both the patterns of basic speech units and the accepted rules of pronunciation, is known as phonology. The smallest units of sound that make up a language are called phonemes.
        1. Morphology: Moving to the next level of language, we find the study of the smallest units of meaning, morphemes. Morphemes include base words, such as “hat,” “dog,” or “love,” as well as affixes, such as “un-,” “re-,” the plural “s” or “es,” and the past tense “ed.” Knowledge of the morphology of our language is critical to vocabulary development and reflects the smallest building blocks for comprehension.
          1. Pragmatics:“‘Pragmatics’ refers to the ways the members of the speech community achieve their goals using language, in specific context. Facility with language is critical to social interactions.
            1. Semantics: Not only does the grammatical structure of our language provide the needed clues for understanding, we also have a wealth of figurative language and rich description that adds color and nuance to ouy communication. Meaningd in language.
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