The Space Race

cdeighan
Mind Map by cdeighan, updated more than 1 year ago
cdeighan
Created by cdeighan about 6 years ago
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A detailed mind map on the events of the Space Race

Resource summary

The Space Race
  1. The United States
    1. The United States always lagged behind the USSR in the race for space. Their number of firsts was always lower and they could never keep up.
      1. A huge part of the Space Race was America's fear of the communist regime. As it was spreading through into China, America was becoming increasingly worried about their countries hope for the future.
        1. Economy
          1. From the moment JFK announced the common goal of landing an American on the moon, he told the American people that would have to make sacrifices to achieve this goal. The Already mass fear of Nuclear war was not a mitigating help when congress announced they would be increasing taxes to pay for the new ideas. NASA's current budget would have to have been 500x bigger to afford everything that was being demanded. The upside to the increased taxes was a huge increase in jobs that where available for engineers and scientists. This would bring unemployment right down. Despite the huge tax increases and amount of congressional money being spent they gave JFK the money because he had so skilfully captivated the minds of Americans.
          2. Leaders
            1. Wernher Von Braun
              1. Verner Von Braun was a German rocket scientist during WW2. He was deported from Germany at the end of the war and became the leading scientist in the American Space Program.
              2. John F Kennedy
                1. Throughout the Space Race, America had 4 Presidents. One of the most influential was President Kennedy who challenged at congress the American people to land a man on the moon within the decade. Although he didn't see his challenge through his encouragement pushed America to make the jump.
              3. Social
                1. The Social impact of the Space Race on the U.S. was vast. JFK managed to convince the American people that the impossible was possible. He inspired a nation of scared people to come together and sacrifice for a common goal. The world turned its gaze to the stars. They wondered of the incredible possibilities of sending man to space. The possibility of meeting new life.
                2. Political
                  1. The whole idea of launching rockets and sending a man to space would have always been expensive. This meant that congress met on countless occasions. Many petitions where signed and sent into congress to stop the increase budget for NASA. This left a difficult decision for the U.S. government as to whether the American people wanted and were prepared to spend the money on this goal. JFK and his associates had to draft many bills to congress and if they had not passed them the USSR most definitely would have won the space race.
                3. The Soviet Union
                  1. Before the many achievements of the Soviet Union, the government was mainly using the rocket program as a means to create intercontinental ballistic missiles for use against the United States. It wasnt until after many years of convincing were they allowed to launch a sattelite into space. The USSR achieved many of their goals in going into space before the Americans could even get close. Sergey Korolev's expertise in management enabled them to achieve space travel before their time
                    1. The Soviet Union brought home the first win in the space race. The launched the first satellite into space: The Sputnik. The launch of this caused massive political and social problems in America, the fact that a communist country could achieve this before democracy was a massive blow to the political and social pride of the nation.
                      1. Economy
                        1. The US space effort had more funding than the Soviet space program. NASA spent about $23 billion dollars on manned programs from 1961 through the first lunar landing in July 1969 (Mercury: $.4 billion; Gemini: $1.3 billion; and Apollo: $21.3 billion). Estimates for the Soviet manned programs range from $4.8 billion to $10.1 billion or less than 50% of NASA's budget.
                        2. Leaders
                          1. Sergei Korolev
                            1. Sergei Korolev was the leading mind behind the Soviet Space Program. Unlike Von Braun his identity was kept a closely guarded state secret to ensure the success of there program.
                            2. Nikita Khrushchev
                              1. Nikita Khrushchev was a soviet politician that lead the Communist party during part of the Cold War. In Khrushchev’s eyes because the Soviet Union has out-produced the United States in weapons and space technology, the Soviet Union has in essence defeated the United States. Furthermore, with capitalism no longer a concern, the Soviet Union is free to pursue its goal of communism. His main outlook was that beating the United States in science was in essence defeating capitalism once and for all.
                            3. Social
                              1. Much like the U.S. the idea of their opposing ideologies getting a one up on each other was unbearable. Every time the U.S. government upped the budget of NASA the soviets immediately did the same to keep in line. The fear that was being advertised against capitalism was also a huge spurring tool for the soviets to gain funding for the space program. The idea of the capitalist regime failing in this area seemed to good to be true.
                            4. The Two Big Ideologies
                              1. The USSR
                                1. Communism
                                2. The U.S
                                  1. Capitalism
                                  2. The Space race was one of the biggest Communism vs. Capitalism encounters in history. It put the weak parts of both ideologies to the test and showed the dark side of both.
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