Bone and Skeletal Tissues

jennifer.hyland
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Human Anatomy and Physiology Mind Map on Bone and Skeletal Tissues, created by jennifer.hyland on 11/04/2013.

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jennifer.hyland
Created by jennifer.hyland almost 6 years ago
Skeleton
jennifer.hyland
Tissue - created from Mind Map
jennifer.hyland
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jennifer.hyland
Bone and Skeletal Tissues
1 Skeletal Cartilages
1.1 Chondrocytes housed in lacunae in extracellular matrix
1.1.1 Large Amounts of water
1.1.2 lacks nerve fibers
1.1.3 Avascular
1.1.4 Surrounded by fibrous perichondrium
1.2 Hyaline
1.2.1 Appear glassy
1.2.2 Collagenous fibers
1.2.3 Most abundant skeletal cartilages
1.2.4 Flexible and resilient
1.2.5 Articular, costal, respiratory and nasal cartilages
1.3 Elastic
1.3.1 abundant elastic fibers w collagen fibers
1.3.2 flexible
1.3.3 Outer ear and epiglottis
1.4 Fibrocartilages
1.4.1 Thick collagen fibers
1.4.2 most compressible cartilages
1.4.3 resist stretching
1.4.4 intervertebral discs and knee joint cartilages
2 Classification of Bones
2.1 Long Bones
2.2 Short Bones
2.3 Flat Bones
2.4 Irregular Bones
3 Functions of Bones
3.1 Support
3.2 Protection
3.3 Movement: Levers
3.4 Mineral and growth factor storage
3.5 Blood cell formation: Hematopoieses (red marrow)
3.6 Triglyceride storage
3.7 Hormone production: osteocalcin
4 Bone Structure
4.1 Gross anatomy
4.1.1 Compact Bone
4.1.2 Spongy Bone
4.1.3 Shaft
4.1.4 Epiphyses
4.1.5 Diaphyses
4.1.6 Periosteum
4.1.7 Endosteum
4.1.8 Nutrient Foramina
4.1.9 Red marrow
4.1.10 Yellow marrow
4.1.11 Markings
4.2 Microscopic anatomy
4.2.1 Osteogenic Cells: Osteoprogenitor cells
4.2.2 Osteoblasts
4.2.3 Osteocyte
4.2.4 Osteoclast
4.2.5 Osteon
4.2.6 Lamella
4.2.7 Canals, Canaliculi
4.2.8 Lacunae
4.3 Chemical composition
4.3.1 Organic: Cells
4.3.2 Inorganic: mineral salts: hydroxyapatites
5 Bone Development
6 Remodeling and Repair
7 Homeostatic Imbalances
8 Bone Markings

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