1.1 immediately reacts with a plan to kill King
Duncan after hearing the prophecy. She
starts off on fantasies and delusions of her
husband ruling the country.
1.2 She summons mythological spirits to
give her the strength to murder Duncan.
1.2.1 'Come, you spirits/that tend on mortal thoughts,
unsex me here,/and fill me from the crown to the
toe, top-full/Of direst cruelty (I.v.40-43)
1.3 She suffers from visual hallucinations
- the blood on her hands is symbolic for
the inescapable guilt.
1.3.1 "Here's the smell of blood still. All the/Perfumes of
Arabis will not sweeten this little hand" - the
significance of this episode is that it's her descent
into insanity, eliminating any chance of her return.
1.4 She has an extreme thirst for power -
over the events taking place in her
life and over Macbeth himself
1.5 She's manipulative and can do whatever it takes
if it means she eventually gets what she craves.
1.6 She pays for her rightful deed - she was
a lot more ambitious which means she
suffered of stronger guilt than Macbeth.
1.7 She has a very supernatural quality about
her like the witches; she's sly and has a lot
of character parallels coexisting within her.
1.8 The guilt eats away at her and she sees just how
much her husband has changed because of her.
2 Miss Havisham
2.1 She was jilted on her wedding day and since then stopped
all the clocks and sits in her yellowing wedding dress.
2.2 She essentially employs Pip to play with Estella
and enjoys watching her mock and shame him.
2.3 She especially loves the fact that he later falls for Estella because
then she can taunt him that he'll never be good enough to her.
2.3.1 "Miss Havisham repeated, 'If she tears your
heart to pieces - love her, love her , love her"
2.4 She gets too close to the fire and is burned - in the 19th
century, readers would have seen this as God's punishment.
2.5 He wanted to create a psychologically
damaged character. This makes her a
character for whom we have sympathy.
2.5.1 Wanted to create a character who was 'distant' and emotionally 'out of touch'. He never
got on with his mother, and it is possible he is imagining a parallel between himself and
Pip - as children who needed a loving mother but only got a heartless user.
2.6 Cautious with everything and
hasn't seen the daylight in so long.
2.6.1 "An immensely rich and grim lady who lived in a
large and dismal house barricaded against
robbers, and who led a life of seclusion"
2.7 Many initially jump to the conclusion that she - in adopting
Estella and raising her in that way, she's simply seeking
revenge on all men. Yet many seem to be completely
oblivious to the fact that perhaps she seeks to protect that
little girl from the hurt she herself has suffered. Even though that
degrades into scarring both herself and Estella.
2.7.1 "Believe this: when she first came, I meant to save her from misery like
my own. At first, I meat no more. But as she grew, and promised to be
very beautiful, I gradually did worse, and with my praises, and with my
jewels, and with my teachings, and with this figure of myself always
before her a warning to back and point my lessons, I stole her heart away
and put ice in its place."
2.7.2 Where appearances are deceptive, her adoption of Estella may
not have been an act of love and could imply that Miss Havisham
deliberately turned her into a cruel, heartless instrument to break
people's hearts so they cant break hers.
2.8 Her main focus is her own suffering and need for revenge which
makes the reader think she's just self-centred when in fact, her
actions could be easily justified by her share of shock.
3 Compare the presentation of Lady Macbeth and Miss Havisham.
Explore how Shakespeare and Dickens present them as disturbed
women in order to engage the audience:
4 Deterioration: Both characters are seen in positions of
authority at some point in the story/play whether it's feigned
authority and confidence or actual self-confidence.
4.1 Their death remains a mystery to us which shows
just how irrelevant they become when they're weak.
4.1.1 Just as they repent, they are punished for their actions.
184.108.40.206 They give off this image of being completely in
control of their lives when in fact they're losing all
control of themselves and spiraling into insanity.
220.127.116.11.1 They were both not thinking clearly at the start of their
story. Driven by negative motives. And always have some
sort of justification despite being vague or simply implied.