NORM- REFERENCED ACHIEVEMENT TESTS

Ibeth Muñoz
Mind Map by Ibeth Muñoz, updated more than 1 year ago
Ibeth Muñoz
Created by Ibeth Muñoz almost 5 years ago
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national center for fair and open testing
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NORM- REFERENCED ACHIEVEMENT TESTS
1 Compare students process and master of body knowledge
1.1 Porcentage, comparison, multiple-choice, open-ended, short-answer questions, content of books, do not take into account the local curriculum
1.1.1 CAT, CTBS, ITBS, SAT, IQ, COGNITIVE SKILL TESTS
2 CREATING THE BELLS CURVE
2.1 Designed to compare tests scores
2.2 select a sample from the target student population
2.3 Test makers create exams in which end up looking like a well-shaped curve
2.4 Scores in a porcentage rank
2.5 one wrong or right question can change the porcentage of the student
2.6 test-makers usually do not care about the content covered in a question
2.7 questions focused on minority groups can be eliminated
2.8 have to be completed in a limited time
3 NORM- REFERENCED TESTS
4 SCORES
4.1 increases
4.1.1 Teaching for exams explains why scores usually go down when a different test is used
4.1.2 Schools focused on what is tested
4.2 Above average
4.2.1 politicians call for all students to score above the national average
4.2.2 time and purpose
5 SCHOOL USE NORM-REFERENCED TEST
5.1 Compare tests with tests from others test takers who did already the exam
5.1.1 Obtain quick snapchots of the "level" of the students
6 DANGERS OF USING NRTS
6.1 Mistakes can be made because of the results of NRTS
6.2 it only evaluate a limited area of a subject or a topic
6.2.1 NRTS are not good for assess a student
6.3 tests are focus on memorizing and routines
6.3.1 Do not test problem-solving, decision-making, judgement or social skills.
6.4 over-emphasize memorization and de-emphasize the application of knowledge and thinking
6.4.1 Students do not recieve the education they deserve
6.5 usually test lower academic expectations
6.5.1 Lerning or intelligence fits to a bell curve
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