Climate change

Lautaro Severina
Mind Map by Lautaro Severina, updated more than 1 year ago
Lautaro Severina
Created by Lautaro Severina over 5 years ago
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Description

This mind map explain you all about climate change and their characteristics

Resource summary

Climate change
1 Climate
1.1 Fluctuated drastically
1.1.1 Species have
1.1.1.1 Faltered
1.1.1.2 Benefied
1.1.1.3 Adapted
1.1.1.4 Died
1.1.2 Ice ages
1.1.3 Epochs of steamy heat
2 1995
2.1 The Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
2.1.1 Concluded that
2.1.1.1 "There is a human influence on Global Climate"
3 Effects
3.1 Global warning
3.1.1 Green house gases
3.1.1.1 Trapped heat in the atmosphere
3.1.1.1.1 Temperature has risen a half degree Celsius (1 degree Fahrenheit)
3.1.1.2 Greenhouse effect
3.1.1.2.1 Without the atmosphere
3.1.1.2.1.1 Heat would strike the earth
3.1.1.2.1.1.1 The atmosphere traps the majority of the heat
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Gases absorb the infrared radiation
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 They heat up and some heat radiates back to the surface
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 More water evaporates
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 There is more vapor in the atmosphere
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 The atmosphere becomes warmer
3.1.1.2.1.1.2 And be reflected back into the space as infrared waves
3.2 Change in climate patterns
3.3 Changes in farming
4 What causes climate change?
4.1 Solar Input
4.1.1 Solar energy hits the upper atmosphere
4.1.1.1 One third of it is reflected back into the space
4.1.1.1.1 The rest of the energy:
4.1.1.1.1.1 Warms Earth
4.1.1.1.1.2 Fuels its weather engine
4.2 The Atmosphere
4.2.1 A balance of gases gives the Earthe an average temperature
4.2.1.1 Greenhouse gases :
4.2.1.1.1 Absorb heat energy
4.2.1.1.2 Re-radiate back a portion of it
4.3 The Oceans
4.3.1 Cover the 70% of the Earth's surface
4.3.1.1 They are the biggest source of water vapor
4.3.1.1.1 When warm water collects in one place
4.3.1.1.1.1 evaporation an cloud build-up increase
4.3.1.1.1.1.1 Marine organisms consume CO2
4.4 The Water Cycle
4.4.1 Higher air temperature causes:
4.4.1.1 Melting of ice
4.4.1.2 Increased water evaporation
4.4.1.2.1 Leads to cloud formation
4.4.1.2.1.1 Causes a cooling effect
4.4.1.2.2 Water vapor is the most potent greenhouse gas
4.5 Ice and Snow
4.5.1 Reflect sulight back into space
4.5.2 Ice melting takes heat from the ocean
4.5.3 That cools the planet
4.6 Land Surface
4.6.1 Topography
4.6.2 Land use
4.6.2.1 Major effects on climate
4.6.2.1.1 Mountains block clouds and create dry places
4.6.2.1.2 Slpoing land has more water runoff
4.7 Human Influences
4.7.1 Magnify warming effects
4.7.2 Aerosols reflect sunlight and have cooling effects
4.7.3 Farming and landfills rise methane level
4.7.4 Fuel combustion rises CO2
4.8 Clouds
4.8.1 They cool Earth
4.8.1.1 Reflecting solar energy
4.8.2 They warm Earth
4.8.2.1 Trapping the heat that radiates up from the surface
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