Aviation English

brunoxavier80
Mind Map by brunoxavier80, updated more than 1 year ago
brunoxavier80
Created by brunoxavier80 over 4 years ago
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Mind Map on Aviation English, created by brunoxavier80 on 10/04/2015.
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Aviation English
1 Standard Phraseology

Annotations:

  •  - Affirm (afirmativo) - Negate information by saying “negative”
1.1 Stations

Annotations:

  • In the exam it is important to use the correct name of the station that is used in the audio.  simply saying “Miami Control” shows that you didn’y hear the audio correctly and that you are unaware of the names of the control stations.
1.1.1 Ground
1.1.2 Tower
1.1.3 Departure
1.1.4 Center
1.1.5 Approach
1.2 Numbers
1.2.1 120.10 (one two zero decimal one)
1.3 Altitude
1.3.1 10.000ft (one zero thousand feet)

Annotations:

  • Attention: feet.
1.4 Flight Level
1.4.1 FL 360 (Flight Level three six zero)
2 Emergency

Annotations:

  • Inform the Distress message 1) Standard Message 1) What occured 2) Why occured 3) What the pilots must do 4) Important rescue information
2.1 Reject Take off

Annotations:

  • Mais Vocabulário: - 180 Degree Turn Back -  Autobrake - Tyres, Brakes and Overheating
2.1.1 Mechanical
2.1.1.1 Technical failure
2.1.1.1.1 Compressor stall
2.1.1.1.2 Fire warning
2.1.1.1.3 Burst Tyre
2.1.1.1.4 Cargo Door open
2.1.2 Non Mechanical
2.1.2.1 Runway incursion
2.1.2.2 Air traffic control
2.1.2.3 Pilot Incapacitation
2.2 Decompression

Annotations:

  • - Oxygen masks and selection 100% oxygen - Descent immediately - Passengers’ oxygen masks should be deploy; - Cabin crew should return to their seats
2.2.1 Explosive decompression

Annotations:

  • Palavras Chaves: - air can escape - lungs trauma - unsecured objects - explosive force - bomb detonation
2.2.2 Rapid decompression
2.2.3 Gradual decompression

Annotations:

  • - Detected by instruments - Losing consciousness - Hypoxia
2.3 Lack of Fuel
2.3.1 Refuel
2.3.1.1 Fuel Truck
2.3.1.2 Integrated Refueling System

Annotations:

  • underground resevoirs
2.3.2 Save Fuel
2.3.2.1 Flaps / Gear
2.3.2.2 Endurance x Fuel Ramaining
2.3.2.3 Headwinds and Tailwinds
2.3.2.3.1 Range
2.3.3 Non Mechanical
2.3.3.1 Poor Preflight Planning
2.3.3.2 Unexpected inflight weather
2.3.3.3 Delays at the departure airfield
2.3.3.4 Delays inflight
2.3.4 Mechanical
2.3.4.1 Fuel Leak
2.3.4.2 Fuel Exhaustion
2.3.4.3 Fuel Starvation
2.3.4.3.1 A blockaeg in the fuel line
2.3.4.3.2 Contamination in the fuel
2.3.4.3.2.1 Water
2.3.4.3.2.2 Oil
2.3.4.3.2.3 Sand
2.3.4.3.2.4 Rust
2.3.4.3.3 A broken fuel pipe
2.3.4.3.4 A broken fuel pump
2.3.4.3.5 A blocked fuel filter
2.3.4.3.6 Aircraft is inverted
2.4 Fire on Board
2.4.1 Ground Services
2.4.1.1 Ground Service Vehicles
2.4.1.1.1 Firetruck
2.4.1.1.2 PushBack Truck
2.4.1.1.3 Ambulance
2.4.1.1.4 Baggage Loader / Belt Loader
2.4.1.1.5 Fuel Trucker / Fuel Bowser
2.4.1.1.6 Air Stair
2.4.1.1.7 De-Icing Vehicle
2.4.1.1.8 De-Icing
2.4.2 Aircraft Interior
2.4.2.1 Can Easily Detect
2.4.2.1.1 Galley equipment
2.4.2.1.2 Cabin Equipment
2.4.2.1.3 Lavatories
2.4.2.2 Difficult to Detect
2.4.2.2.1 Air Conditioning
2.4.2.2.2 Sidewall panels
2.4.2.2.3 Ceiling Panels
2.4.2.3 Smoking from Above Areas
2.4.2.3.1 APU
2.4.2.3.2 Recirculation Fan
2.4.2.3.3 Cargo Compartments
2.4.2.3.4 Crew Rest Compartments
2.4.2.3.5 Electrical Wiring
2.4.2.3.6 Engine Air Bleed
2.4.3 Fire Fighting Equipment / Protection
2.4.3.1 Oxygen Masks
2.4.3.2 Warning Lights
2.4.3.3 Detection Fire
2.4.3.4 Halon Fire
2.4.3.5 PBE
2.4.3.6 Crash Axe
2.4.3.7 Fire Gloves
2.4.3.8 Extinguishers
2.4.3.9 Cargo Hold Fire Extinguishing Systems
2.4.3.10 Engine Fire Bottles
2.4.3.11 Toilet Waste Bins
2.4.4 Symptoms
2.4.4.1 Asphyxia
2.4.4.2 Smells
2.4.4.3 Burns
2.5 Bombs Threats
2.5.1 Anticipated Impact on Crew
2.5.1.1 Increased Workload in the cockpit
2.5.1.2 Possible high level of stress
2.5.1.3 Possible communication problems
2.5.1.4 Decision for emergency evacuation
2.5.1.5 Least Risk Bomb Location
2.5.2 Air Controller Expect
2.5.2.1 Stop Climb / Descent
2.5.2.2 Re-clearence (lower)
2.5.2.3 Landing at the nearest suitable aerodrome
2.5.2.3.1 Information About aerodrome
2.5.2.4 ASSIST
2.5.2.4.1 ACKNOWLEDGE
2.5.2.4.2 SEPARATE
2.5.2.4.3 SILENCE
2.5.2.4.4 INFORM
2.5.2.4.5 SUPPORT
2.5.2.4.6 TIME
3 AIRMISS
3.1 Riski of Collision
3.2 Safety Not Assured
3.3 No Risk of Collision
3.4 Risk not determined
3.5 Separation
3.5.1 Air Traffic Rules
3.5.2 Avoiding Action
3.5.2.1 Right Turn
4 Bird Strikes

Annotations:

  • hits the windscreen or flies into the engines
4.1 Position
4.1.1 Traffic Pattern
4.1.1.1 Upwind
4.1.1.2 Crosswind
4.1.1.3 Downwind
4.1.1.4 Base
4.1.1.5 Final
4.1.2 Low Altitude
4.1.3 Migratory
4.2 Quantity
4.2.1 Flock of Birds
4.2.2 Single Bird
4.3 Names/Types of Birds
4.3.1 Hawk
4.3.2 Falcon
4.3.3 Vulture
4.3.4 Thrush
4.3.5 Starling
4.3.6 Goose
4.4 Bird Scaring
4.4.1 Flares
4.4.2 Dogs
4.5 Can Cause All Sorts of Damage to an Aircraft
4.6 DAMAGE
4.6.1 Engines Shut Down
4.6.2 Windshield (Blood)
4.6.3 Leading Edge
4.6.4 Reduce Lift
4.6.5 Malfunction
4.6.6 Landing Gear
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