Intestinal Pathology

Seth Kennard
Mind Map by Seth Kennard, updated more than 1 year ago
Seth Kennard
Created by Seth Kennard almost 5 years ago
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Description

Recognise common types of intestinal pathology in animals Relate different types of intestinal pathology to clinical presentation

Resource summary

Intestinal Pathology
1 Clinical signs of intestinal dysfunction
1.1 Abdominal pain
1.1.1 Acute
1.1.1.1 Displacements
1.1.1.1.1 Volvulus
1.1.1.1.1.1 twisting along mesenteric axis
1.1.1.1.2 Torsion
1.1.1.1.2.1 twisting on long axis
1.1.1.1.3 Intussusception
1.1.1.1.3.1 Smaller section passes into larger section
1.1.1.2 Obstruction
1.1.1.2.1 Internal
1.1.1.2.1.1 Foreign body
1.1.1.2.1.2 parasites
1.1.1.2.1.3 tumour
1.1.1.2.2 External
1.1.1.2.2.1 strangulating lipoma
1.1.1.2.2.1.1 Pedunculated if free moving
1.1.1.2.3 Obstruction of SI
1.1.1.2.3.1 Acute + Severe
1.1.1.2.3.2 Fluid + gas build up
1.1.1.2.3.2.1 vomiting
1.1.1.2.3.2.2 Metabolic alkalosis
1.1.1.2.3.2.3 Dehydration
1.1.1.2.3.2.4 renal flow down
1.1.1.2.3.2.4.1 Uraemia
1.1.2 Chronic
1.2 Vomiting
1.3 Constipation
1.4 Diarrhoea
1.4.1 Acute
1.4.2 Chronic
2 Diarrhoea
2.1 Pathogenesis of diarrhoes
2.1.1 Altered structure/permability
2.1.2 Loss of cell transport
2.1.3 Osmotic effects
2.1.4 Altered motility
2.2 Acute
2.2.1 Loss of water
2.2.1.1 Dehydration
2.2.1.2 Haemoconcentration
2.2.1.3 Hypovolaemic shock
2.2.2 loss of ions
2.2.2.1 Hypokalaemia
2.2.2.2 Metabolic acidosis
2.2.3 Often associated with infectious disease
2.2.3.1 Visues
2.2.3.1.1 Rotavirus
2.2.3.1.2 Parvovirus
2.2.3.2 bacteria
2.2.3.2.1 Campylobacter
2.2.3.2.2 Salmonella
2.2.3.2.3 Clostridium spp
2.2.3.3 Endoparasites
2.2.3.3.1 Cyanthostomes
2.2.3.4 protazoa
2.2.3.4.1 Crytosporidiosis
2.2.3.4.2 coccidiosis
2.3 Chronic
2.3.1 Chronic enterocolitis
2.3.1.1 Also known as IBD
2.3.1.1.1 Blunting/stunting/fusing of villi tips
2.3.1.2 Lymphoplasmacytic
2.3.1.2.1 Chronic lymphatic blockage
2.3.1.2.1.1 Chronic inflammation
2.3.1.2.2 Protein lost into lumen
2.3.1.2.2.1 mainly albumin
2.3.1.2.2.1.1 hypoalbuminaemia plasma osmotic down
2.3.1.2.2.1.1.1 oedema, wasting
2.3.1.3 Eosinophilic
2.3.1.4 Granulomatous
2.3.2 Grass sickness
2.3.2.1 damage to neurones
2.3.2.2 nasogastric reflux
2.3.2.3 oesphageal ulceration
2.3.2.3.1 Lead to gastric dilation and rupture
2.3.2.4 often from clostridium attack
2.3.2.5 Symptoms
2.3.2.5.1 Weight loss
2.3.2.5.2 Muscle tremours
2.3.2.5.3 Rhinitis sicca
2.3.2.5.4 Dysphagia
2.3.2.5.5 large colon
2.3.2.5.6 Constipation
2.3.3 Neoplasia
2.3.4 Endoparasitism
2.3.4.1 Ascarosis
2.3.5 Lymphangiectasia
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