Sociology - Couples (DDOL)

Charlotte Lambert
Mind Map by Charlotte Lambert, updated more than 1 year ago


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Sociology - Couples (DDOL)
1 Domestic division of labour
1.1 The way tasks and jobs (labour) are shared (division) between men and women in the home (domestic)
2 Talcott Parsons
2.1 Roles of men and women in the family were separate which was normal and natural. And that men and women are suited to different domestic roles within the familiy
2.1.1 Husband - instrumental role Achieving success, providing financially - Breadwinner
2.1.2 Wife - expressive role Primary socialisation of children, Family's emotional needs - Homemaker
2.2 believes DDOL is based on biological differences- women naturally suited to the nurturing role and men to be the bread winner
3 Elzabeth Bott
3.1 Distinguishes between two types of conjugal (domestic) roles
3.1.1 Seperated conjugal roles clear and distinct separate roles - male breadwinner, female housemaker within a couple
3.1.2 Joint conjugal roles The couple share tasks (housework and childcare) and spent leisure time together
4 Bethnal Green
4.1 Young and willmott
4.1.1 1950s studied traditional working-class extended families in bethnal green indentified a pattern of separated conjugal roles; male breadwinners playing little part in homelife, women full time housewives spending time at home doing housework and childcare
4.1.2 1970s revisited Bethnal green and took a 'march of progress' view. Saw family life becoming equal and democratic trend from segregated towards conjugal roles and symmetrical families. symmetrical families - husband and wife roles aren't indentical but now are more similar Women now go to work Men help more with house work and childcare Couples spend their leisure time together common in younger families, geographically and socially isolated and who had more money 72% of males did housework over washing up
4.1.3 Evaluating the sharing of childcare and housework within a family has been a subject of controversy and criticism much research has been done to assess inequality withing marriage but there is no agreed idea on how it can be measured
5 Oakley
5.1 A feminist view of Housework
5.1.1 they argue little has changed and women still do the majority of housework and childcare
5.1.2 Ann Oakley has been one of the most vocal critics of young and willmott, particularly the way they conducted their research she believed that their research was based upon one simple, badly designed question - ' do you/ your husband help at least once a week with any household jobs like washing up, making beds, ironing, cooking or cleaning?' as oakley claimed that by Y and W standards a symmetrical family could include a man who simply took the bins out once a week.
5.2 Oakley's research
5.2.1 She studied 40 married women who had 1 or more children under 5, who were british and aged between 20-30. half were middle class, half working class and all in London findings - greater equality in allocation of domestic tasks between couples in the middle class than in the working class, and only a few marriages overall were described as equals. in only 15% of cases men had high participation in housework Improvements of the study Ask married men too Ask parents with children over 5 Ask people of different ages Ask a variety of classess Recent research in the 90s by Warde and Hetherington found that sex-typing of domestic tasks remains strong. wives are 30 times more likely to have been the last person to do the washing up whereas husbands are only 4 times more likely to be the last person to wash the car
6 Impact of paid work
6.1 1970s women where full time housewives and households today have a 2nd income from a wifes full or part time week
6.2 Women taking on a 'dual burden' of paid work and domestic labour
6.3 A more equal division of domestic tasks and joint conjugal roles with the emergence of a 'new man'
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