Environmental Chemistry

dlo9887
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Mind Map on Environmental Chemistry, created by dlo9887 on 11/19/2013.

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dlo9887
Created by dlo9887 almost 6 years ago
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Environmental Chemistry
1 Monitoring Amounts Of Chemicals
1.1 Water
1.1.1 Chemicals
1.1.1.1 Heavy Metals

Annotations:

  • Biomagnification- levels of metals increasing as we go up food chain 
1.1.1.2 Acidity

Annotations:

  • Want it to be close to neutral
1.1.1.3 Dissolved Oxyogen

Annotations:

  • Essential for life
1.1.1.4 Nitrogen and Phosphorus

Annotations:

  • Don't want too much or too little
1.1.1.5 Salts

Annotations:

  • Acids and Bases reacting Low levels of salts are needed
1.1.1.6 Pesticides

Annotations:

  • Used to kill unwanted pests
1.1.2 Biological Indicators
1.1.2.1 Genetically Engineered Plants: Genetically Engineered Grass that Changes Color If There are Toxins in The Soil
1.1.2.2 Bacteria

Annotations:

  • Bacteria , Mosses, Tree Bark, Bark Pockets, Tree Rings, Lichens, Leaves, Fungi 
1.1.2.3 Aquatic Indicators

Annotations:

  • Dragon flys, Mosquitoes, Frogs,
1.1.2.4 Species used to monitor the health of the ecosystem
1.2 Air
1.2.1 Chemicals
1.2.1.1 Carbon Dioxide

Annotations:

  • population increase and deforestation
1.2.1.2 Carbon Monoxide

Annotations:

  • Pollution from vehicle emmisions
1.2.1.3 Methane
1.2.1.4 Sulfur dioxide

Annotations:

  • Burning coal and factory emissions
1.2.1.5 Ozone

Annotations:

  • VOCs volatile organic compounds
1.2.2 Biological Idicators
1.2.2.1 Lichen
1.3 Atmosphere
1.3.1 Green House Affect
1.3.1.1 Enhanced Green House Effect

Annotations:

  • How humans contribute to greenhouse effect
1.3.1.2 Chemicals
1.3.1.2.1 Water Vapor
1.3.1.2.2 Carbon Dioxide
1.3.2 Ozone Layer

Annotations:

  • Protects us from most of the suns UV radiation
1.3.2.1 Chlorofluorocarbons

Annotations:

  • Organic compound that contains only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine
1.4 Light
2 Spreading of Harmful Substances
2.1 Air
2.1.1 Release at its Source
2.1.2 Dispersion

Annotations:

  • When Chemicals travel in all directions
2.1.3 Deposition
2.2 Ground Water
2.2.1 Water Table

Annotations:

  • How much water is at the surface of the earth
2.2.2 Permeable Pores

Annotations:

  • Everything can go through it.
2.3 Surface Water
2.4 Soil
3 Changing Concentration of Harmful Chemicals
3.1 Dispersion
3.2 Dillution

Annotations:

  • Reducing the concentration of a chemical
3.3 Biodegradation

Annotations:

  • Something Biological breaking something up. Yellow slime mold
3.3.1 Factors Affect Biodegradation
3.4 Photolysis

Annotations:

  • chemical process by which molecules are broken down into smaller units through the absorption of light.
3.5 Phytoremediation

Annotations:

  • The use of plants that mitigate the environmental problem without the need to excavate the contaminant material and dispose of it elsewhere.
3.6 Leachate

Annotations:

  • Leachate is any liquid that in passing through matter, extracts solutes, suspended solids or any other component of the material through which it has passed.
3.7 Biomagnification

Annotations:

  • The increase in concentration of a substance that occurs in a food chain.
4 Substances Essential to Living
4.1 Micro Nutrients

Annotations:

  • Don't need Alot
4.1.1 Seleium
4.2 Organic Molecules
4.2.1 Carbohydrates

Annotations:

  • Need   Sugar Simple or complex molocules made of C,H,O
4.2.2 Lipids

Annotations:

  • Fats
4.2.3 Protiens

Annotations:

  • Meat, eggs, Dairy
4.2.4 Nucleic Acids

Annotations:

  • DNA RNA
4.3 Macro Nutrients

Annotations:

  • Need Lots of
4.3.1 Nitrogen

Annotations:

  • Makes Proteins Makes Chloraphyl stems leaves Meat
4.3.2 Phosphorus

Annotations:

  • Root flower growth Cellular resperation Photosynthesis Making DNA, Bones, Teeth
4.3.3 Potassium

Annotations:

  • Stimulates growth Making Protein Fight Disease Making Chloraphyl Muscle contraction Nerve impulse

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