Environmental Chemistry

Tank Newsh
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Mind Map on Environmental Chemistry, created by Tank Newsh on 11/19/2013.

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Tank Newsh
Created by Tank Newsh almost 6 years ago
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Environmental Chemistry
1 Monitoring amounts of chemicals
1.1 Water
1.1.1 chemicals
1.1.1.1 Heavy metals

Annotations:

  • biomagnification- levels of a metal increasing as we go up the food chain
1.1.1.2 Acidity

Annotations:

  • Want it to be close to neutral
1.1.1.3 dissolved oxygens
1.1.1.4 Nitrogen and Phosphorus
1.1.1.5 Salts

Annotations:

  • acid and base reacting low levels of salt are needed
1.1.1.6 Pesticides
1.1.2 Biological Indicators
1.1.2.1 Plants
1.1.2.2 Clearness of water
1.1.2.3 Biomonitor
1.1.2.4 Aquatic indicators

Annotations:

  • dragonflysmosquitosbutterflys fish frogs crustaceans
1.1.2.5 Microbiological Indicators

Annotations:

  • bacteria viruses fungi algae lichens
1.2 Air
1.2.1 Chemicals
1.2.1.1 nitrogen oxides (NOx(g))

Annotations:

  • forms smog and rain can affect respiratory system and eyes Forms mainly from combustion in vehicles  
1.2.1.2 sulfur dioxide (SO2(g))

Annotations:

  • forms smog and acid rain sulfur dioxide and other oxides of sulfur form when oxygen combines with sulfur Also formed by burning fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas
1.2.1.3 carbon dioxide (CO2(g))

Annotations:

  • Formed by mainly by human activities
1.2.1.4 ground level ozones (O3(g)

Annotations:

  • Formed mainly by fuel combustion in vehicle engines and industry
1.3 Atmosphere
1.3.1 Green House Effect
1.3.1.1 chemicals
1.3.1.1.1 carbon dioxide
1.3.1.1.2 Water vapor
1.3.1.1.3 Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
1.3.2 Ozone Layer
1.3.2.1 Chloroflourocarbons

Annotations:

  • The thinning of the ozone layer is caused by our use of chemicals called chloroflourocarbons. UV radition breaks them down and destroys the ozone
2 Chemicals can be harmful or can be helpful
3 Spreading of Harmful Substances
3.1 Air
3.1.1 Release it at the source
3.1.2 Dispersion
3.1.3 Deposition
3.2 Ground Water
3.2.1 Water Table

Annotations:

  • How much water is under the surface
3.2.2 Permeable pores
3.3 Surface Water
3.4 Soil
4 Changing Concentration of Harmful Chemicals
4.1 Dispersion
4.2 Dilution
4.3 Biodegradation
4.3.1 Factors affect biodegradation

Annotations:

  • Bacteria/fungi/worms
4.4 Photolysis
4.5 Phytoremediation
5 Substances Essential to Living
5.1 Macronutrients

Annotations:

  • NEEDS LOTS!!!!!!!!
5.1.1 Nitrogen

Annotations:

  • Grows and repairs tissue Makes protein Makes chlorophyll Makes Nucleic acids 
5.1.2 Phosphorus

Annotations:

  • Root and flower growth Cellular respiration Making DNA, bones teeth
5.1.3 Potassium

Annotations:

  • Muscle contractionNerve impulses Stimulates growth Fights diseases Makes chlorophyll  
5.1.4 Magnesium

Annotations:

  • Photosynthesis Makes bones/teeth absorbs calcium and potassium
5.1.5 Calcium

Annotations:

  • Cell walls Cell divison Bones & Teeth Blood clotting Muscles and nerve function
5.1.6 Sulfur

Annotations:

  • Produce fruits and grains Make protein Detoxification
5.2 Micronutrients

Annotations:

  • NEED A LITTLE BIT!!!!

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