Morphology Graphics

Eguz Tapia
Mind Map by Eguz Tapia, updated more than 1 year ago
Eguz Tapia
Created by Eguz Tapia about 5 years ago
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Morphology Graphics

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Morphology Graphics
1 Is the branch of linguistics that deals with words, their internal structure, and how they are formed.
1.1 Morpheme: Is the smallest linguistic piece with a grammatical function. It may consist of a word, such as "hand" or a meaningful piece of a word, such as the "-ed" in looked.
1.1.1 Affixation: An affix is a bound morpheme that occurs before or after on within a base, commonly known as prefixes, suffixes and infixes.
1.1.1.1 Prefixes: bound morphemes that occur before a base. In English, are small class of morphemes. Their meanings are often those of English prepositions and adverbials.
1.1.1.1.1 de-, dis-, ex-, il-, im-, in-, mis-, non-, pre-. pro-, re-, un-
1.1.1.2 Suffix: bound morphemes that occur after a base word and frequently alter the word-class (nouns to verbs, verbs to adjectives, For example:
1.1.1.2.1 king-kingdom, category-categorization, excellence-excellency
1.1.1.2.2 -able, -al, -er, -est, -ful, -ible, -ily, -ing, -less, -ly, -ness, -y
2 Compound word: is a lexeme containing two or more potential stems that has not subsequently been subjected to derivatonal process.
3 Conversion: Is the derivational process whereby an item changes its word-class without the addition of an affix:
4 Unpredicatable Formations: These kinds of formation are also termed "oddities" by Arnoff (1976) who points out that many of these types depend on orthography to a certain degree.
4.1 Clipping: It means cutting off the beginning or the end of a word, or both, leaving a part to stand for a whole: lab, dorm, prof, exam.
4.2 Blending: is the fusion of two words into one, ussually the first part of one word with the part of another as in gasohol (gasoline and alcohol).
4.3 Acronyms: they are words derived from the initials of several words.:
4.3.1 RADAR - Radio detecting and ranging LASER - Light amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation. NATO - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. UNICEF - The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. SCUBA - Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. WASP - White anglo saxon protestant. Read more at http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-acronyms.html#ZE5AZ1yRxH1r7mwH.99
5 Derivation: Is the formation of a new word from another adding an affix:
6 Coinage: it is the invention of a new word: aspirin, nylon
7 References: Aronoff M., &, Fudeman, K. (2010). What is Morphology? Blackwell Publishing, 2nd Edition, Oxford, United Kingdom. Hamdallah, Rami (1992). English Word Formation and Its Pedagogical Implications for EFL. An-Najah J. Res. Vol. 2 Number 6. In http://scholar.najah.edu/sites/default/files/journal-article/english-word-formation-and-its-pedagogical-implications-efl.pdf
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