Please wait - loading…

Lexical Stylistic Devices

Description

LSD, Tyulyubayeva Gaukhar
g.tyulyubaeva
Mind Map by g.tyulyubaeva, updated more than 1 year ago
g.tyulyubaeva
Created by g.tyulyubaeva over 6 years ago
495
0

Resource summary

Lexical Stylistic Devices
  1. Metaphor

    Annotations:

    • Transference of names based on the associated likeness between two objects, as in the “pancake”, or “ball”, or “volcano” for the “sun”; “silver dust”, “sequins”; Kukharenko V.A. “A book of Practice in Stylistics”- Moscow1986 p. 38
    1. Types: 1. Genuine; 2. Dead; 3. Prolonged;

      Annotations:

      • Genuine: "Through the open window the dust danced and was golden"; Dead: "floods of tears"; Prolonged: "Mr.N bothled up his vergeabce and cookrd it down";
      1. Functions

        Annotations:

        • 1. To make the discription concrete; 2. to express the individual attitude;
      2. Metonymy

        Annotations:

        • Is created by a different semantic process and is based on contiguity of objects or phenomena. Kukharenko V.A. “A book of Practice in Stylistics”- Moscow1986 p. 40.
        1. Functions

          Annotations:

          • 1. to present rhe events of reality in it's subjective attitude;
        2. Antonomasia

          Annotations:

          • It is the use of the name of a historical, literary, mythological, or biblical personage applied to a person whose characteristic features resemble those of the well-known original . Skrebnev Y.M. “the basics of English style”- M., 2000 p.117
          1. Functions

            Annotations:

            • 1. to characterize person without naming him; 2. to revive the logical meaning of the proper names thus making more apparent the interplay of logical and nominal meanings; 3. to give information to the reader about the name; 4. to point out the leading most characteristic feauture of  a person, event;
          2. Epithet

            Annotations:

            • Is a stylistic device based on the interplay of emotive and logical meaning in an attributive word, phrase or even sentence used to characterize an object and pointing out to the reader. Galperin I.R. “Stylistics” - Moscow 1981 p.157
            1. Compositional structure
              1. 1. Simple; 2. Compound; 3. Sentence/phrase

                Annotations:

                • 1. Simple: He looked at them in animal panic; 2. Compound: apple-faced man; 3. S/P: a shadow of a smile;
              2. Semantically
                1. 1. Associated; 2. Unassociated;

                  Annotations:

                  • 1. Associated: dark forest; 2. Unassociated: voiceless sounds;
                2. Types

                  Annotations:

                  • Single; Chain and phrase; Compound; Reversed;
                  1. Fonctions

                    Annotations:

                    • 1. is based on the interplay of emotive and logical meaning in an attribute words; 2. used to characterize an object; 3. express emotional characteristics of an object;
                  2. Irony

                    Annotations:

                    • Is a stylistic device in which the contextual evaluative meaning of a word is directly opposite to its dictionary meaning. Kukharenko V.A. “A book of Practice in Stylistics”- Moscow1986 p. 47.
                    1. Hyperbole

                      Annotations:

                      • A stylistic device in which emphasis is achieved through deliberate exaggeration, - like epithet relies on the foregrounding of the emotive meaning. Kukharenko V.A. “A book of Practice in Stylistics”- Moscow1986 p.57.
                      1. Functions

                        Annotations:

                        • 1.to intensify the quantative or qualitative aspect of an object; 2. to denote signals of the emotional background of the utterance; 3. to emphasise for an amusing effect; 4. to place emphasis on a particular action feeling feauture and it's not meant to be literally;
                      2. Synecdoche

                        Annotations:

                        • The simplest kind of metonymy : using the name of a part to denote the whole or vice versa. Skrebnev Y.M. “the basics of English style”- M., 2000 p.110.
                        1. Oxymoron

                          Annotations:

                          • Is a combination of two words in which the meanings of the two clash, being opposite in sense. Galperin I.R. “Stylistics” - Moscow 1981 p.162.
                          1. Understatement

                            Annotations:

                            • Is the logical and psychological opposite of hyperbole. It is lessening, weakening, reducing the real characteristic of the object of speech. Skrebnev Y.M. “the basics of English style”- M., 2000 p.104.
                            1. Functions

                              Annotations:

                              • 1.to intensify the quantative or qualitative aspect of an object; 2. to present the latter through the emotionally colored percption; 3. to develop figures of speech such as irony and sarcasm by deliberately decreasing the severity of a situation;
                            2. Zeugma

                              Annotations:

                              • Is the use of a word in the same grammatical but different semantic relations to two adjacent words in the context, the semantic relations being, on the one hand, literal, and, on the other, transferred. Galperin I.R. “Stylistics” - Moscow 1981 p.150.
                              1. Pun

                                Annotations:

                                • is a SD based on the interaction of 2 well-known meanings of words or a phrase; Podavets O.D. "English stylistics" p 43
                                1. Interjactions

                                  Annotations:

                                  • are words we use when we express our feelings strongly and which may be said to exist in language as conventional symbols of human emotions; Podavets O.D. "English stylistics, p. 43
                                  1. 1. Primary; 2. Derivative;

                                    Annotations:

                                    • Primary: Good gracious!                 God knows! Derivative: Terrible! Awfully!
                                    1. Functions

                                      Annotations:

                                      • help to express various feelings such as regret, dispair, dissapointment, surprise and many others.
                                    2. Periphrasis

                                      Annotations:

                                      • is a round - about a way of speaking used to name some object or ohenomenon; Podavets O.D. English stylistics, p. 46
                                      1. Types: 1. Logical; 2. Figurative;

                                        Annotations:

                                        • Logical: The object of administration; Figurative: To tie a knot - to get married;
                                      2. Euphemism

                                        Annotations:

                                        • is used to avoid some unpleasant things or a taboo things;  Ex: To pass away - to die;Podavets O.D. p46
                                        1. Proverb

                                          Annotations:

                                          • short, well-known, supposedlyy wise saying, usually in simple language; Ex: Never say never; Podavets O.D., p 47
                                          1. Quotation

                                            Annotations:

                                            • phrase or sentence taken from a work of literature or other piece of writingand repeated in order to prove a point or support an idea; Ex: "Say hello to my little friend" Podavets O.D. p 47
                                            Show full summary Hide full summary

                                            Similar

                                            Language Techniques
                                            Bob Read
                                            C2 - Formulae to learn
                                            Tech Wilkinson
                                            The Crucible Acts 1 and 2 Key Themes and Quotes
                                            Matthew T
                                            IB Chem Flashcards
                                            j. stu
                                            B3- Science. Cells, Genes and Enzymes.
                                            MissChurro
                                            computer systems and programming quiz
                                            Molly Batch
                                            B2, C2, P2
                                            George Moores
                                            Physics Unit 2 - Force, Acceleration And Terminal Velocity
                                            Ryan Storey
                                            Geography: Population
                                            ameliaalice
                                            Physics P2
                                            Emmakatewilsonx
                                            PHR and SPHR Practice Questions
                                            Elizabeth Rogers8284