Please wait - loading…

Psychology of Learning

Description

Psychology of Learning: A Concept Map of Big Ideas
itsme4462
Mind Map by itsme4462, updated more than 1 year ago
itsme4462
Created by itsme4462 over 6 years ago
25
0

Resource summary

Psychology of Learning
  1. Learning Theories

    Annotations:

    • There are many theories when it comes to learning and learning styles and there" is no single criterion that consistently allows us to identify the most appropriate system for any given situation" (Jarvis, 2005, p. 75).
    1. Felder and Silverman's model

      Annotations:

      • The four dimensions proposed by Felder and Silverman which are currently being used are: Active-Reflective, Sensory-Intuitive, Visual-Verbal, and Sequential-Global (Jarvis, 2005, p. 81) 
      1. Active-Reflective

        Annotations:

        • The reflective learner manipulates information internally and is able to benefit from lectures (Jarvis, 2005). This type can be connected to the auditory learner.
        1. Sensory-Intuitive

          Annotations:

          • The sensory learner relies on the evidence of their senses while the intuitive learner relies more on speculation, hunches, and imagination (Jarvis, 2005, p. 81).
          1. Visual-Verbal

            Annotations:

            • Visual learners benefit from the use of graphs, diagrams, and video while the verbal learner are more comfortable with lessons presented verbally (Jarvis, 2005).
            1. Sequential-Global

              Annotations:

              • The sequential learner prefers steady, logical steps while a global learner is comfortable with sudden leaps of understanding and are better at seeing the 'big picture' (Jarvis, 2005, p. 81).
            2. Riding's model

              Annotations:

              • Riding focused on two style dimensions he considered to have the strongest empirical support. The visual-verbal and the wholist-analytic which is coresponds to Felder and Silverman's global-sequential and sensing-intuitive (Jarvis, 2005, p. 82).
              1. Visual-Verbal
                1. Wholist-Analytic
                2. Honey and Mumford's system

                  Annotations:

                  • Honey and Mumford's Learning Style Questionnaire identifies four types of learners: activist, theorists, pragmatists, and reflectors (Jarvis, 2005).
                  1. Activist

                    Annotations:

                    • The activist learning style is characterized by the enjoyment of new experiences. The activist is active and relies on intuition and dislikes structure (Jarvis, 2005, p. 83).
                    1. Theorist

                      Annotations:

                      • Theorists are categorized by their reliance on logic and systematic planning. They dislike using intuition for making decisions. 
                      1. Pragmatist

                        Annotations:

                        • Pragmatists are down to earth, like working within a group, and are risk takers. They tend to avoid deep reflection (Jarvis, 2005, p. 83).
                        1. Reflectors

                          Annotations:

                          • Reflectors prefer to observe and ascribe meaning and tend to formulate and test hypotheses (Jarvis, 2005, p. 83).
                      2. Thinking
                        1. Critical Thinking

                          Annotations:

                          • Bloom term critical thinking as evaluation. The essential elements to critical thinking include learning when, how, and what to question and learning when and how to reason (Jarvis, 2005, p. 99).
                          1. Creative Thinking

                            Annotations:

                            • Creativity corresponds to Bloom's category of synthesis, or ability to put ideas together (Jarvis, 2005, p. 99).
                          2. Motivation

                            Annotations:

                            • "Motivation can be defined as 'the forces that account for the selection, persistence, intensity, and continuation of behaviour" (Jarvis, 2005, p. 118) In other words, it is what drives us to do (or not do) the things we do.
                            1. Intristic

                              Annotations:

                              • Intristic motives come from within the individual.
                              1. Personal Satisfaction

                                Annotations:

                                • The person seeks achievement for their own personal satisfaction and sense of accomplishment.
                                1. Enjoy Challenges

                                  Annotations:

                                  • The learner enjoys the challenge and achieving their goal is the reward.
                                  1. Interest in Learning

                                    Annotations:

                                    • The learner is motivated due to an interest in the topic they are learning. The reward is gaining new knowledge.
                                  2. Extistic

                                    Annotations:

                                    • Extristic motivation comes from external rewards.
                                    1. Seek Praise
                                      1. Want a Reward

                                        Annotations:

                                        • The reward can be in the form of a good grade or a tangible item.
                                        1. Fear of Authority

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Beechick believes that a child who is taught a fear of God and their parents are more likely to be motivated to behave properly and get good grades in order to avoid disappointing God, parents, and teachers (1982, Chap. 4).
                                      2. Gender Brain Differences
                                        1. Male
                                          1. Math Skills

                                            Annotations:

                                            • Boys have a larger Inferior-Parletal Lobule, an area thought to control mathematical processes, which explains why men tend to perform well in math.
                                            1. Gray Matter

                                              Annotations:

                                              • Boys uses more gray matter than boys and they predominantly use the left hemisphere to perform tasks which leads to compartmentalized learning and causes boys to be less likely to multi-task and makes transitioning from one task to another more difficult.
                                              1. Chemical Differences

                                                Annotations:

                                                • Boys have less serontonin and less oxytocin than girls and is the reason boys have a more difficult time sitting still and are more likely to be impulsive. This difference ties in to why boys are more likely to be kinesthetic learners than are girls.
                                              2. Female
                                                1. Language Skills

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • Girls have a larger hippocampus and have highly connected left and right hemispheres which contributes to better language skills.
                                                  1. White Matter

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • Girls use a higher amount of white matter which is one reason that girls tend to transition between tasks more quickly than boys and is also why girls tend to be better multi-taskers.
                                                    1. Chemical Differences

                                                      Annotations:

                                                      • Girls produce more serontonin, oxytocin, and estrogen than do boys and are better at multi-tasking, transitioning between tasks, and sitting still. Girls are also less impulsive than are boys due to the differences in hormones.
                                                  2. Teacher & Learner
                                                    1. Teacher Models

                                                      Annotations:

                                                      • Fenstemacher and Soltis' classification of teachers (Jarvis, 2005)
                                                      1. Executives

                                                        Annotations:

                                                        • This model of teacher views the teachers' role as one who orients their skills and knowledge in order to achieve optimum learning. The teacher puts empasis on lesson plans which deliver knowledge in an efficient manner (Jarvis, 2005, p. 7)
                                                        1. Therapists

                                                          Annotations:

                                                          • The therapist model has roots in the psychodynamic tradition of education. This model sees the teacher as primarily responsible for the psychologically healthy development of learners (Jarvis, 2005, p. 7)
                                                          1. Liberationists

                                                            Annotations:

                                                            • The liberationist model is concerned with helping the learner to become an independent freethinker and therefore they emphasize teaching thinking and learning skills (Jarvis, 2005, p.7).
                                                          2. Types of Learners

                                                            Annotations:

                                                            • Cognitive style refers to ones way of thinking and is believed to be hard-wired into the individual (Jarvis, 2005, p. 74)
                                                            1. Visual

                                                              Annotations:

                                                              • This type of learner learns by the use of graphics, watching demonstrations, and reading. They are less likely to learn by listening to lectures.
                                                              1. Auditory

                                                                Annotations:

                                                                • The auditory learner learns by hearing. They would prefer to listen to material being read to them than to read it their self.
                                                                1. Kinesthetic

                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                  • The kinesthetic learner has a need to move and learns best by using hands-on approaches. They prefer to 'do' something as opposed to seeing it be done or by having it explained to them.
                                                              Show full summary Hide full summary

                                                              Similar

                                                              Using Evolving Innovation to Progressive Practices
                                                              Amanda Richey
                                                              Quiz: Gender Learning Differences
                                                              biochipper
                                                              Learning theories definitions
                                                              K Dee
                                                              ‘Whodunnit’ Introduction Quiz
                                                              rich g
                                                              Educational Success
                                                              ms.ariel10
                                                              Learning Styles
                                                              Ashley Dawdy
                                                              Learning Styles Autumn M. 2/14/2022
                                                              Rose girl
                                                              Basic Study Skills/ learning Styles/introduction
                                                              cshorter
                                                              Quiz: Gender Learning Differences_1
                                                              biochipper
                                                              Learning Styles
                                                              phillmorrison
                                                              PHR and SPHR Practice Questions
                                                              Elizabeth Rogers8284