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Nucleic Acids

Description

Aplications of DNA into the real life.
Naomi Rosales
Mind Map by Naomi Rosales, updated more than 1 year ago
Naomi Rosales
Created by Naomi Rosales over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Nucleic Acids
  1. Cloning
    1. Process
      1. 1. Creation of identical twins by early development of the embryo split.
        1. 2. Transference of the reproductive cells in order to create identical twins.
        2. How is it done?
          1. 1. Artificial Embryo Twinning 2. Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer.
          2. Aplications
            1. Fertilization, improvement of animals
          3. Paternity & criminology
            1. Process
              1. Extraction of DNA from samples, quantification of DNA for further identification
              2. How is it done?
                1. DNA found in almost any part of the body is analised and identified
                2. Aplications
                  1. Paternity tests, linking of crimes, identification of people
                3. Transgenics
                  1. Process
                    1. Transplantation of genes from one specie to another
                    2. How is it done?
                      1. By the modifications of the genomes of living organisms
                      2. Aplications
                        1. Food, knock out mice, pesticides.
                      3. Gene therapy
                        1. Process
                          1. Replacing a mutated gene that causes disease with a healthy copy of the gene.
                          2. Aplications
                            1. Treatment of diseases and infections.
                            2. How is it done?
                              1. Introducing a new gene into the body to help fight an irregularity.
                            3. Sources:
                              1. http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/therapy/genetherapy
                                1. http://knowgenetics.org/transgenic-organisms/
                                  1. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/whatiscloning/
                                    1. http://www.dnatestingforpaternity.com/dna-testing-procedures.html
                                      1. http://www.exploredna.co.uk/dna-and-criminology.html
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