Internet Connection Methods - Ben Riley

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Internet Connection Methods - Ben Riley
1 Server
1.1 A computer or program which runs purely to serve the needs of other computers. It runs special server software to service the requirements of the users (clients).
1.1.1 There are several types of servers, including file servers and printer servers on a local area network (LAN), and web and email servers that manage communication with the internet.
2 Client
2.1 The internet is essentially a huge client-server system of interconnected computers which uses a wide range of hardware.
2.1.1 A computer which uses the services provided by the server
3 Router
3.1 A piece of hardware that connects two or more networks. In relation to the internet, data from the ISP is sent into the network and the router then directs the data packets to the correct destinations.
3.1.1 The router also handles data travelling in the other direction. Routers can be described as ‘directors of traffic’ for the networks.
4 Connecting Backbone
4.1 The main connecting data routes between large networks on the internet and smaller networks in Local Regions
4.1.1 Broadband
4.1.1.1 A wired connection to a broadband supplier. Normally the connection is via a network card in the computer. Cable users have an ethernet connection from their computer to the network.
4.1.1.1.1 Broadband connections can give better reception and are usually faster than dial-up.
5 Wireless
5.1 Used by wireless-enabled devices (computers, mobiles, smartphones, etc.) to log in to the internet. Wireless is exactly what it says; there are no wires to connect.
5.1.1 Can be used wherever there is a wireless hub which is accessible.
5.1.1.1 Dial Up
5.1.1.1.1 A wired connection via a conventional telephone line, which needs a modem to convert signals to and from analogue for transmission
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