PROTISTA

Peiqi Eng
Mind Map by Peiqi Eng, updated more than 1 year ago
Peiqi Eng
Created by Peiqi Eng about 5 years ago
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mindmap for chapter protista

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PROTISTA
1 Nutrition
1.1 Chemoheterotrophic
1.1.1 Saprophytes
1.1.2 Holozoic
1.1.3 Osmotrophy
1.2 Photoautotrophic
1.3 Mixotrophic
1.4 Obtain food through
1.4.1 Ingestion
1.4.2 Phagocytosis
1.4.3 Pinocytosis
1.4.4 Absorption
2 Morphology
2.1 Cilia/Flagella
2.2 Plasma membrane
2.3 Cytoplasm
2.3.1 Outer gelatinous ectoplasm
2.3.2 Inner fluid region(endoplsm)
2.4 Pellicle structure-provide support
2.5 Vacuole
2.5.1 Contractile
2.5.2 Phagocytic
2.6 Energy production
2.6.1 Chemoorganotrophic
2.6.1.1 Mitochondria
2.6.2 Photosynthetic
2.6.2.1 Chloroplast + mitochondria
2.6.3 Anaerobic chemoorganotrophic
2.6.3.1 Hydrogenosomes
3 Reproductive cells & structures
3.1 Asexual
3.1.1 Binary fission
3.2 Sexual
3.2.1 Autogamy
3.2.2 Conjugation
4 Different from
4.1 Algae
4.1.1 No chlorophyll
4.2 Prokaryoates
4.2.1 Relatively larger and eukaryotic nature
4.3 Slime molds
4.3.1 Lack of fruiting body
4.4 Yeast& fungi
4.4.1 By motility and lack of cell wall
5 Characteristics
5.1 Unicellular ,eukaryotic
5.2 Predatory / parasitic / some pathogenic
5.3 Aerobic / anaerobic / chemoheterotrophic
5.4 Colourless , motile
5.5 Found in water and soil
6 Group in Protozoa
6.1 Archaezoa
6.1.1 Flagellated
6.1.2 Whiplike movement
6.1.3 Free living
6.1.4 Parasitic / pathognic
6.1.5 Trypanosoma gambiense
6.2 Ciliophora
6.2.1 Cilia
6.2.2 2 kind of nuclei
6.2.2.1 Micronucleus
6.2.2.2 Macronucleus
6.2.3 Paramecium
6.2.4 Gullet / cytosome
6.2.5 Freshwater / marine
6.2.6 Bulantidium coli
6.3 Rhizopoda
6.3.1 Amoeba
6.3.2 Ameboid movement
6.3.3 Phagocytosis
6.3.4 Freshwater , marine
6.3.5 Amoeba dysentery
6.3.6 Fecal contamination
6.4 Apicomplexa
6.4.1 Not motile when mature
6.4.2 Obligate parasite
6.4.3 Transmission between hosts
6.4.4 Malaria
6.4.5 Toxoplasmosis
7 Algae
7.1 Habitat
7.1.1 Acidic
7.1.2 Aquatic
7.1.3 Moist/dry soil
7.2 Cell wall
7.2.1 Absent
7.2.2 Cellulose fibrils + polysaccharide
7.2.3 Chitin / silica
7.2.4 CacO3
7.3 Distribution
7.3.1 Terrestrial
7.3.2 Aquatic
7.3.2.1 Planktonic
7.3.2.2 Benthic
7.3.2.3 Neustonic
7.4 Reproduction
7.4.1 Asexual
7.4.1.1 Fragmentation
7.4.1.2 Spores
7.4.1.3 Binary fission
7.4.2 Sexual
7.5 Mobility
7.5.1 Flagella
7.5.1.1 single : Euglena
7.5.1.2 2 / 4 polar :Chlorophyta
7.5.1.3 2 of different length & point of insertion : Dinoflagellates
7.5.2 non-motile : vegetative stage
7.6 Ecology
7.6.1 Provide habitat
7.6.2 Food source
7.6.3 Alginic acid
7.6.4 Carrageenan
7.6.5 Producer
7.6.6 Algae bloom
7.6.6.1 Disrupt food web
7.6.6.2 Neurotoxin
7.7 Taxonomy
7.7.1 Chlorophta
7.7.1.1 green alage
7.7.1.2 CW : Cellulose
7.7.1.3 Chlorophyll a , b
7.7.1.4 Store glucose polymer
7.7.2 Rhodophyta
7.7.2.1 Red algae
7.7.2.2 absorb blue light
7.7.2.3 CW ; Cellulose
7.7.2.4 Sexual
7.7.2.5 Store glucose polymer
7.7.3 Phaeophyta
7.7.3.1 Brown algae
7.7.3.2 Macroscopic
7.7.3.3 Chlorophyll a , c ,xanthophyll
7.7.3.4 CW : cellulose / algin
7.7.3.5 Sexual
7.7.4 Chrysophyta
7.7.4.1 Diatoms
7.7.4.2 Golden brown
7.7.4.3 Domoic acid
7.7.4.4 Chlorophyll a , c
7.7.4.5 Unicellular
7.7.4.6 Sexual
7.7.4.7 Storage : Oil
7.7.4.8 CW : peptin , silica
7.7.4.9 Global carbon cycling
7.7.5 Pyrrophyta
7.7.5.1 Unicellular
7.7.5.2 Neurotoxin
7.7.5.3 Red tides
7.7.5.4 Chlorophyll a, c
7.7.5.5 CW : cellulose
7.7.5.6 Store : Starch
7.7.6 Euglenophyta
7.7.6.1 The Protozoa
7.7.6.2 Unicellular
7.7.6.3 Heterotrophic
7.7.6.4 Chlorophyll a , c , carotene
7.7.6.5 No cell wall
7.7.6.6 Asexual
7.7.6.7 Store : glucose
8 Slime molds
8.1 Taxonomy
8.1.1 Myxomycota
8.1.1.1 Plasmodial(Acellular)
8.1.1.2 Glistening
8.1.1.3 Saprophytes
8.1.1.4 Multinucleated
8.1.2 Acrasiomycota
8.1.2.1 Cellular
8.1.2.2 Phagocytosis
8.1.3 Peronosporomycetes
8.1.3.1 Egg fungi
8.2 Importance
8.2.1 Predator
8.2.2 Decomposer
8.2.3 Consumer
8.2.4 Causes diseases
8.2.5 Recycling of nutrients
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