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Subjunctive Tense By Sarah Arnold


A mindmap on the Subjenctive Tense in French. By Sarah Arnold
Sarah Arnold
Mind Map by Sarah Arnold, updated more than 1 year ago
Sarah Arnold
Created by Sarah Arnold over 6 years ago

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Subjunctive Tense By Sarah Arnold
  1. The subjunctive mood is used to express actions or ideas which are subjective or otherwise uncertain: will/wanting, emotion, doubt, possibility, necessity, judgment. It is nearly always found in dependent clauses introduced by que or qui, and the subjects of the dependent and main clauses are usually different.
    1. Verb endings are different to normal, and change for I, they, she, he, we and us.
      1. There are also irregular verbs which do not follow the pattern that the other verbs do.
      2. Je veux que tu le fasses. I want you to do it. Il faut que nous partions. it is necessary that we leave.
        1. Elle veut que nous soyons à la fête. She wants us to be at the party. J'aimerais que vous m'appeliez demain. I would like for you to call me tomorrow.
        2. The subjunctive tense isn't a tense in itself, in fact there is the present subjective tense, and the perfect subjective tense.
          1. The subjunctive by itself doesn't really carry any particular meaning and generally isn't used in a sentence on its own. It is always triggered by some other word in the sentence.
            1. In English, subordinate clauses are usually introduced by words such as that, which, who, where etc. In French, subordinate clauses are inroduced by words such as que, qui, où etc. So that means that subjunctive forms in French are basically always introduced by one of these words.
              1. To conjugate all regular verbs ending -ER, -IR, and -RE, as well as some irregular* ones, take the 3rd person plural ils form of the present tense of the verb, drop the -ent ending to find the stem, and add the subjunctive endings:
            2. Unlike a few tenses in French, there is no interrogative form of it, which means less to learn!
              1. All these verbs introduce the subjunctive in the negative, since now the percentage of chance of the action becoming a reality is very low: Je pense qu’il reviendra = his coming, to me, has a 90% chance of becoming a reality = indicative Je ne pense pas qu’il revienne = his coming, to me, has a 5% of becoming a reality = subjunctive
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