1.1.1 During this time period (1950's) through America
there was lots of questioning and accusations that
you would have been a communist or sympathetic to
communists, therefore meaning that it lacks temporal
validity as it was a time of greater conformity.
Affecting the way in which the participants would
have reacted to the task and each other.
1.1.2 Making people reluctant to stand
out from the crowd, hence
meaning that there was an
increased amount of compliance.
1.1.3 Less generalisable as it was
at a time where more people
would have conformed.
2.1 Laboratory Experiment
2.1.1 It is an artificial set up that
could cause artificial results
188.8.131.52 They may have behaved differently to
how they would have done if they
were around work partners or friends.
2.1.2 It has greater
reproducibility so can be
tested to see if correct.
184.108.40.206 Meaning it may be more
reliable as you are able to
repeat and check the
findings of Asch.
220.127.116.11 The procedure was
the same for
2.2 Lacking in Mundane Realism
2.2.1 The task wasn't a natural task
18.104.22.168 The results cant be generalised
to other life situations.
3 Population Validity
3.1 All of the 123 participants were
male college students from
3.1.1 This was a biased sample
3.1.2 Cannot be
3.1.3 Use of a bad and
4 Smith and Bond (1998) A
meta-analysis of research
4.1 Meta-Analysis of
studies on conformity.
4.2 Collectivist countries (such
as Japan) showed greater
conformity than those from
(such as US and UK)
4.3 The impact of cultural variables
on conformity levels was greater
than any other variable (eg.
4.4 Similarities with Asch Study
4.4.1 Conformity was higher
with larger majority
4.4.2 Conformity was higher with a greater
proportion of female participants
4.4.3 The more ambiguous the task, the higher the
levels of conformity in all of the (individualist
4.5.1 Not all cultures are all individualist
people and all collectivist people.
There is participant variability.
5 Ethical Issues
5.1 The participants were told that they were taking part
in a 'vision test', therefore meaning that they have
been deceived of the true intentions of the experiment
5.1.1 Making it more reliable
as they are not playing
up to how they should
be behaving (demand
5.1.2 They weren't told
the full extent of the
meaning that they