Enlightenment thoughts were imposed.
It marked the arrival of a new era.
2 Caused by:
2.1 The influence of the
They demanded that all French subjects be free and equal under the law.
2.2 The political crisis
The votes were not equal, the clergy ande the nobility had one vote each while the middle class and peasantry only had one, so the had no power.
2.3 The economic crisis
The state was in bankrupt, and they decided to increase taxes also to the privileged classes.
2.4 The social crisis
The states were dissapointed. The clergy and nobility wanted to protect their traditional economic provileges.
The middle class wanted to abolish the absolute monarchy, the lower one suffered economic problems and the peasantry.
3 The major events:
They create the Estates Generales in order to icrease taxes
3.1 The National
The assembly made by the third state to declare themselves the true representatives and they demanded a constitution.
3.2 The Constituent
It was elected to write a constitution.
At this time riots began so this assembly abolished feudal rights and aproved the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
Later it adopted a constitution that stablished a constitutionl monarchy, popular sovereignty, the separation of powers and limited male sufrage.
3.3 The Legislative
It implemented the necessary legal changes. Two political groups existed:
-The Girodins, who believed in the revolution but with the interests from the bourgeoisie.
-The Jacobins, who also believed in the revolution but their ideas were more radical.
3.4 The convention
Louis XVI was acused of treason and then executed. some countries joined together against France to prevent the revolution. The Jacobins imposed a dictatorship, the Terror, under the control of Robespierre.
3.5 The Directory and the
Moderate middle class had gained control of the country. The Directory was created in order to stop the violence and executions, it was more conservative because of the limited suffrage.
The revolutionaries wanted to regain control so Bonaparte organised a military coup and stablished the Consulate.
4 From revolution to Empire
Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself emperor of France. It include some archievements such as the domestic policy (laws were applied to all citizens) and the international policy (he expanded his empire and imposed Enlightenment ideas.)