Intellectuals and the burgueoisie supported Enlightenment ideas and wanted to put them into practice.
Estates General with their representatives.
Clergy and nobility -
300 representatives - 1 vote.
600 representatives - 1 vote.
Louis XVI opposed meetings of the Estates General.
The three estates of the realm were discontented.
Nobility and clergy refused to pay taxes.
Middle class - wanted more political participation.
Peasantry - suffered economic problems caused by wars, taxes and poor harvests.
Bankrupt because of military conflicts.
Also because the royal family spent a lot of money on goods for them.
So the solution was to increase taxes.
Cahiers de doleances
Main problem - voting system.
TENNIS COURT OATH.
Flight to Varennes (1791)
Riots in Bastille, Paris and later in the countryside.
Reforms abolished feudal rights, Declaration of the rights of the man and the citizen.
2nd constitution (1791) - constitutional monarchy, popular sovereignty, separation of powers and male suffrage.
Internal and external problems.
Directory and the Consulate.
moderate middle class gained control of France.
more conservative - limited suffrage.
Constitution of year III.
Radicals wanted to gain control - Napoleón installed a coup d'etat.
After Napoleón installed a CONSULATE.
1802 - first cónsul for life