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French Revolution (1789)

Description

French REV
lucia_g.g
Mind Map by lucia_g.g, updated more than 1 year ago
lucia_g.g
Created by lucia_g.g over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

French Revolution (1789)
  1. Causes
    1. Influence of the Enlightenment.

      Annotations:

      • Intellectuals and the burgueoisie supported Enlightenment ideas and wanted to put them into practice.
      1. Crisis.
        1. Political

          Annotations:

          • Estates General with their representatives. Clergy and nobility - 300 representatives - 1 vote. Third state   600 representatives - 1 vote. Louis XVI opposed meetings of the Estates General.
          1. Social

            Annotations:

            • The three estates of the realm were discontented. Nobility and clergy refused to pay taxes. Middle class - wanted more political participation. Peasantry - suffered economic problems caused by wars, taxes and poor harvests.
            1. Economic

              Annotations:

              • Bankrupt because of military conflicts. Also because the royal family spent a lot of money on goods for them. So the solution was to increase taxes.
          2. Major events.
            1. National Assembly.

              Annotations:

              • Cahiers de doleances Main problem - voting system. -financial problems -social inequalities -feudal rights TENNIS COURT OATH.
              1. Constituent Assembly.

                Annotations:

                • Flight to Varennes (1791) Riots in Bastille, Paris and later in the countryside. Grand Peur. Reforms abolished feudal rights, Declaration of the rights of the man and the citizen. 2nd constitution (1791) - constitutional monarchy, popular sovereignty, separation of powers and male suffrage.
                1. Legislative Assembly.

                  Annotations:

                  • Two groups Girondins Jacobins Internal and external problems.
                  1. Convention

                    Annotations:

                    • Two stages Girondist Convention Jacobin Convention
                    1. Directory and the Consulate.

                      Annotations:

                      • Directory (1795-1799) moderate middle class gained control of France. more conservative - limited suffrage. Constitution of year III. Radicals wanted to gain control - Napoleón installed a coup d'etat. After Napoleón installed a CONSULATE. 3 consuls -Sieyes -Bonaparte -Ducos 1802 - first cónsul for life 1804 EMPEROR. 
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