French Revolution

Guille Herranz P
Mind Map by Guille Herranz P, updated more than 1 year ago
Guille Herranz P
Created by Guille Herranz P about 6 years ago
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Esquema de estudio

Resource summary

French Revolution
  1. Causes
    1. The influence of the enlightenment

      Annotations:

      • French intellectuals + bourgeoisie supported the enlightenment ideas and began applying them
      1. Political Crisis

        Annotations:

        • The 1st estate and the 2nd estate had  less people but 2 votes while the 3rd estate only had 1 vote and were a lot more people
        1. Economic Crisis

          Annotations:

          • The French state got was bankrupt since the participated in serveral military conflicts, if that wasn´t enough, the royal family spent a lot of money in parties and luxury goods.   So, to improve the economy, the ministers suggested to increase taxes even to the high class.
          1. Social Crisis
            1. The majority of the population was discontented
              1. Nobility + Clergy

                Annotations:

                • Wanted to protect their priviligies and didn't want to pay taxes
                1. Bourgeoisie

                  Annotations:

                  • Bourgeoisie wanted to abolish absolute monarchy because couldn't participate in the government.
                  1. Lower middle Class

                    Annotations:

                    • Had economic difficulties because of wars, increased taxes and more competition from British Products
                    1. Peasantry

                      Annotations:

                      • Had economic problems because of wars, taxes and poor harvests. In addition to that they had to pay more rent to the nobility and clergy
                2. Major Events
                  1. National Assembly

                    Annotations:

                    • In the meeting of the Estates General, the 3rd estate wanted to introduce a new voting system so that each representative had an individual vote.    But the King refused, and therefore, the 3rd Estate declared themselves the true representatives of the nation, after that the formed a national assembly and demanded a constitution
                    1. Constituent Assembly

                      Annotations:

                      • The King agreed with the 3rd estate and a new consituent assembly as created to write a constitution.  
                      1. The Capture of the Bastille

                        Annotations:

                        • Was one of the most known riots and protest the which took place in 14 July 1789
                        1. Legal Reforms
                          1. Abolition of feudal rights
                            1. Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

                              Annotations:

                              • All men are born free and equal in their rights and their liberty consists of he freedom to do anything which doesn't harm the others.
                            2. Constitution

                              Annotations:

                              • In 1791 the Constituent Assembly adpoted a constitution which established a constitutional monarchy, popular sovereignity, separation of powers and limited male suffrage
                            3. Legislative Assembly
                              1. Girondins

                                Annotations:

                                • Believed in the revolution but represented the bourgeoisie, the political ideas become more moderate after time.     They elaborated several economic policies which helped the middle class and wanted to maintain limited suffrage
                                1. Jacobins

                                  Annotations:

                                  • Believed in revolution, but their political ideas became more radical. The wante to abolish monarchy and put the king on trial, expand the suffrage and control the increases in prices.     They gained support from Parisian labourers/ sans-culottes
                                  1. Louis XVI Opposition to the reforms

                                    Annotations:

                                    • He opposed to the reforms and asked Austria for help. In response, the assembly imprisoned him, abolished monarchy and declared France a Republic.
                                  2. Convention

                                    Annotations:

                                    • Louis XVI was executed for treason and some European countries created a coalition which declared a war to France to stop the spreading of the Revolution
                                    1. Robespierre
                                      1. Terror

                                        Annotations:

                                        • A dictatorship impsed by Robespierre and the Jacobins to coordinate the European War, while also dealing with the counter-reformation.   About to 42000 people were executed as a result of this dictatorship
                                    2. Directory and Consulate
                                      1. Directory

                                        Annotations:

                                        • France moderate middle class gained the control of the country. To stop all the violence going on, they established the directory, which was a more conservative government composed of 5 members.
                                        1. Consulate

                                          Annotations:

                                          • In 1799, while France was still in war with other European continents, the radical revolutionaries wanted to gain back the control of France. So General Napoleon Bonaparte, organised a military group and established a new way of government called Consulate.    It was a group composed of 3 leaders/consuls, which had Napoleon as the head of state and 1st Consul
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