Supreme Court and African American Civil Rights

hannah_
Mind Map by hannah_, updated more than 1 year ago
hannah_
Created by hannah_ almost 6 years ago
40
3

Description

Exam question

Resource summary

Supreme Court and African American Civil Rights
  1. Supreme Court
    1. Late 1800s
      1. 1873 - Salughter house Case

        Annotations:

        • Undid work of congress. Stated that the rights of citizens should stay under state. This would allow segregation to maintain especially in the South for many more years
        1. 1896 - Plessy v. Ferguson

          Annotations:

          • Gave the principle of " separate but equal" would allow segregation but had to be of equal standard. Undid the work of congress with the Civil Rights Act 1876
        2. 1950s
          1. Brown v. Board 1954
            1. Browder V. Gayle

              Annotations:

              • Segregation on buses unconstitutional 
          2. Presidents
            1. Late 19th & 20th Century
              1. Took little action to change anything
                1. Grover Cleveland
                  1. Stressed importance for equal rights for all
                  2. Theodore Roosevelt
                    1. Met with Booker T. Washington
                  3. More action
                    1. Woodrow Wilson
                      1. Dismissed African American advisors
                        1. Refused to meet with civil rights leaders
                        2. Herbert Hoover
                          1. Attempted to appoint racist judge, stopped by Supreme Court
                      2. 20th Century
                        1. FDR
                          1. New Deal 1933

                            Annotations:

                            • Would economically Aid African Americans
                            1. 1941 - Executive Order

                              Annotations:

                              • Banned racial discrimination in federal jobs
                            2. Truman
                              1. Fully desegregated the army
                              2. Kennedy
                                1. Began to draft new Civil Rights Act

                                  Annotations:

                                  • Killed before he could finish it
                                2. Lyndon B. Johnson
                                  1. Civil Rights Act 1863
                                    1. Voting Rights Act 1864
                                  2. Nixon
                                    1. Reagan
                                      1. Suggested slowing down/stopping a fully equal society
                                      2. Bush
                                        1. Conservatised Supreme Court
                                    2. Congress
                                      1. Late 1800s
                                        1. Emancipation Proclamation 1963

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Without the formal freeing of the slaves no work could be done on civil rights for the newly freed slaves. Congress allowed the start of the civil rights
                                          1. 13th Amendment 1865
                                          2. 14th (1868) & 15th (1870) Amendements

                                            Annotations:

                                            • Gave newly freed slaves de jure equality. Techniqually from this point congress had given now African Americans equality. But this was no de facto
                                            1. Civil Rights Act 1875

                                              Annotations:

                                              • Reaction to formal segregation. Mainly in the South. Stated that public y areas should not be segregated.
                                            2. Civil Rights Act 1957 & 1960

                                              Annotations:

                                              • Quite weak acts.
                                            Show full summary Hide full summary

                                            Similar

                                            OCR GCSE History-Paper Two: The Liberal Reforms 1906-14 Poverty to Welfare State NEW FOR 2015!!!
                                            I Turner
                                            A2 Organic Chemistry - Reactions
                                            yannycollins
                                            4. Civil War
                                            ShreyaDas
                                            Ecosystems
                                            Jessica Phillips
                                            The Weimar Republic, 1919-1929
                                            shann.w
                                            Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Cominform and Comecon
                                            Alina A
                                            GCSE Biology B2 (OCR)
                                            Usman Rauf
                                            Computing Hardware - CPU and Memory
                                            ollietablet123
                                            Cell Structure
                                            megan.radcliffe16
                                            Exchange surfaces and breathing
                                            megan.radcliffe16
                                            AS Chemistry - Enthalpy Changes
                                            Sarah H-V