188.8.131.52.1 helps us to understand why there are
imperfections in the world.
184.108.40.206.2 encourages us not
accept everything at
220.127.116.11.3 brian davis argues it uses an example
of the forms in the cave analogy (form
of the good.
18.104.22.168.4 The analogy is explained well
22.214.171.124.1 impossible to prove
126.96.36.199.2 not everyone will see the form of the
good in the same way
188.8.131.52.3 doesn't help us about the world
we live in
184.108.40.206.4 our senses are said to be pointless yet we have
survived millions of years because of them.
220.127.116.11.5 f there are perfect versions of everything, this means there
is the perfect form of unpleasant things.
18.104.22.168.6 Theatitis :creates the philosophical idea of justified belief.
there is no true opinion can show the world of the senses.
22.214.171.124.7 forms and particulars are different things. we have no knowledge to be the forms
1.1.2 validity of the points
1.1.3 what each part
1.1.4 the caveanalogy was a
story Plato came up with to
explain the epistemological
prossess one would go
1.2 theory of the forms
1.2.1 form the
126.96.36.199 analogy of the divided line
188.8.131.52.1 the analogy of the divided line an analogy
presented by plato. the 1st two sections
represent what we can see with our own
senses (visible) these include the two states
of D(illusion and reflection) and C what we
can believe to see though our senses are
false. The last two sections are the
inteligable realm of logic whicher cannot
always see. these both form opinion. State B
is the state of mathmatical reasoning. this is
because plato saw maths as one of the
most important contributes because we can
see it as perfect. State A is the state of the
forms. however,you have to be of higher
184.108.40.206 concept of ideals
220.127.116.11 concepts and
18.104.22.168 form of the good
and other forms
22.214.171.124.1 there is a difference between ideas and ideas expressed in reality. such as how we can
recognise a cat as a cat. plato believed this distinction was crucial. plsto suggests that
the world we live in is untrue that just appeals to our senses. he believed the real world
is of ideas what we call forms
126.96.36.199.2 plato believed that the form of the good is the most important
form. it helps us to assess things. plato labled the form of the
good as the sun in his cave analogy. it helps us to see and is the
source of the other forms.
1.2.2 1trengths and weakness's
188.8.131.52.1 heraclitis river
184.108.40.206.1.1 Heraclites believed that everything flows. "All entities move and nothing
remains still" This means that life is constantly changing. He used the
example of how you can never step into the same river or stream. When you
step in a river, the water flows around the particular object. The water may
follow a similar path but each water molecule would have gone on a different
journey to get where it is. The minute you are currently experiencing is has
never been experienced or will never be the same.
220.127.116.11.1 problem of infinite
18.104.22.168.1.1 no point is perfect and can be criticized. if points keep being
disproven, it would create an endless cycle over time.
22.214.171.124.2 platos own selfcritique
126.96.36.199.2.1 paramedies is a book plato wrote. in the 1st half he addressed
some of the weakness's in the 1st half of the book. one
weakness is it was hard to find the exact relationship between
a form and a particular.
188.8.131.52.2.1.1 Another problem would have been
how many things can be seen as a
form. whether its based on nature or
if every object is a form
184.108.40.206.3 critisims in
220.127.116.11.3.1 in metaphysics book 12, aristotles belief of perfection is based
objectivly in each individual not in one place. this means
everyone has their own perfection to aim for.
18.104.22.168.4 bertrand russell
22.214.171.124.4.1 Bertrand Russell emphasised the point in that the language we use to associate the forms with
objects could be incorret. our language is built up of just names such as cat and dog. where as
the true abes for these words could be incorrect.
126.96.36.199.5 validity of all points
188.8.131.52.5.1 Paremadies does not explain the forms properly
184.108.40.206.6 there should be negative forms, but this would be contradictory
2.1 4 cause
220.127.116.11.1 The material Cause is
physically what we are
made of or mater
18.104.22.168.1 the efficient cause is how somthing
got to where it is. such as a chair for
example, it is where it is because it
was constructed by a carpenter
22.214.171.124.1 the formal cause is what
separetes the particular object
from somthing else.
126.96.36.199.1 the finl cause is the telos or
purpose the particular thing
has. why it was created for.
2.1.2 one of the main problems
comes from the view of the
2.2 prime mover
2.2.1 weakness's of the
prime mover and 4
188.8.131.52 validity of points.
184.108.40.206 (prime mover) the relationship between
the prime user and the universe is
unclear. relating this to the judeao
Christian view of god, it cannot be
disproven by many claims of seeing God.
2.3.1 the Euthyphro dilema is a question
plato asked whether things are good
because they are good or because
God said they are.
220.127.116.11 this creates many problems. if God
says things are good, then he could
say anything is good. these are thngs
which are instinctivly bad such as
rape or murder.
18.104.22.168 however, if this is not
true, then god could
merely be stating what
is good and bad and
loses his view as a
standard for goodness.