11.HUMAN RIGHTS&FAIR HOUSING

Brigita Safyra
Mind Map by Brigita Safyra, updated more than 1 year ago
Brigita Safyra
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11.HUMAN RIGHTS&FAIR HOUSING
  1. TESTERS are either volunteers,employees of federal programs,or people from civil rights group.
    1. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 An act that prohibits racial discrimination in the sale and rental of housing.
      1. FEDERAL FAIR HO USING ACT OF 1968 Federal legislation that prohibits discrimination in housing based on race, gender, national origin, or religion. The Fair Housing Act is a subsection of the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
    2. JONES V. ALFRED H. MAYER Co. in 1968. In the ruling,the court held the CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OG 1866 was applied,to prohibit any racial based discrimination in housing,private or public,in the sale of and rental properties.
      1. PLESSY V.FERGUSON 1896 Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
        1. BROWN V.BOARD OF EDUCATION 1954 landmark decision,Supreme court reversed the ruling on PLESSY V.FERGUSON . It found that seperate facilities were,by nature unequal.The board Of Education was in Topeka,Kansas,
      2. 1974 - an amendment added the prohibition against discrimination on the basis OF SEX (GENDER)
        1. 1988 - amendment added two new classes : Those with HANDICAPS and FAMILIAL STATUS.
        2. FAMILIAL STATUS Defined by the Fair Housing Act; a characteristic determined by a person's household where one or more individuals under the age of 18 live with a parent or legal guardian. Prohibits denying rights to people under the age of 18 who live with a parent or guardian.
          1. HANDICAPPED STATUS is a physical or mental impairment which limits one or more of persons life activities.
          2. STEERING The illegal practice of channeling home seekers to particular areas to maintain the homogeneity of an area or to change the character of an area.
            1. BLOCKBUSTING The illegal practice of inducing home-owners to sell their properties by making representations regarding the entry or prospective entry of persons of a particular race or national origin into the neighborhood.
              1. REDLINING Illegal practice of discriminating based on geographic location when providing loans or insurance coverage
            2. AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT 1990 Addresses rights of individuals with disabilities in employment and public accommodations. Designed to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities by requiring equal access to jobs, public accommodations, government services, public transportation, and telecommunications. Includes the design of buildings intended to serve the public.
              1. THE NEW YORK STATE DIVISION OF HUMAN RIGHTS was created to enforce this important law.Every individual has an equal opportunity to participate fully in the economic,cultural and intellectual life of the state.Law prohibits discrimination in employment,housing,credit,places of public accommodations,educational institutions,based on age,race,national origin,gender,sexual orientation,marital status,disability,military status and other specified classes.
                1. PROTECTION UNDER NYC HUMAN RIGHTS LAW protected classes are RACE,COLOR,NATIONAL ORIGIN,CREED,AGE,ALIENAGE,CITIZENSHIP STATUS,GENDER,SEXUAL ORIENTATION,DISABILITY,MARITAL STATUS,PARTNERSHIP STATUS
                  1. FEDERAL PROTECTED CLASSES are RACE,COLOR,RELIGION,CREED,NATIONAL ORIGIN,FAMILIAL STATUS,DISABILITY,GENDER
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