1.1 Development of science and technology undermines
religion and supernatural beliefs
1.2 However can contribute to development e.g. Weber's
claim that the protestant ethic brought about
1.3 Hinduism and Consumerism
1.3.1 Indians are becoming more religious and Urban
1.3.2 Nada believes this to be a result of conflict between middle classes' wealth and the traditional religion of Hunduism
184.108.40.206 Guru's say this desire is not bad, but divinity that motivates people.
220.127.116.11.1 this allows the middle class to adjust to global
18.104.22.168.2 Hindu Sciences being taught at schools
22.214.171.124 India's wealth is said (by politicians) to be a result of Hindu beliefs and values
2 Pentecostalist Latin America
2.1 Emphasising self denying, personal discipline and hard
work- members are therefore upwardly mobile.
2.2 Neccecaery to stop poverty and promote economic development.
2.3 Incorporates local spiritual beliefs as well as new ones
2.3.1 Gained popularity as a charismatic christian religion
3.1.1 Giddens- Fundementalism is a group of
traditionalist who wish to return to the
fundamentals of their faith.
126.96.36.199 reaction to globalisation views on
gender and sexuality
188.8.131.52 Rely upon traditions of the clergy to interoperate the
religious texts that determine their lifestyle
3.2.1 Bruce sees it as globalisation threatening traditional lifestyles and beliefs
184.108.40.206 Development of rigid and aggressive behaviours
3.2.2 In the West- reaction to changes in society
3.2.3 In the 3rd World- reaction to changes in
their country from the west
4 Cultural Defence
4.1 Bruce - Where a community unites together against an
external threat ie. the government. Religion unites people as it has a collective identity
4.1.1 Poland 195-89 The Catholic church rose above the
communist state by supporting the solidarity free
trade union movement.
4.1.2 Iran 1960-70 revolted against the westernisation of Iran
5 Clash of Civilizations
5.1 Huntingdon- since the collapse of communism, clashes have arisen
5.1.1 7 Nations: Western, Latin America, Chian, Japaneese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic- Orthodox.
The biggest being between the west and Islam e.g. 9/11 and 7/7 as the west is more liberal
5.1.2 religious differences are creating an 'us and
them' culture with competitions between
5.1.3 religious identity has
made people want to
fight for their beliefs