Religion In A Global Context

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Mind Map by dannildct, updated more than 1 year ago
dannildct
Created by dannildct about 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Religion In A Global Context, created by dannildct on 01/05/2014.

Resource summary

Religion In A Global Context
1 Religion and Development
1.1 Development of science and technology undermines religion and supernatural beliefs
1.2 However can contribute to development e.g. Weber's claim that the protestant ethic brought about modern capitalism
1.3 Hinduism and Consumerism
1.3.1 Indians are becoming more religious and Urban
1.3.2 Nada believes this to be a result of conflict between middle classes' wealth and the traditional religion of Hunduism
1.3.2.1 Guru's say this desire is not bad, but divinity that motivates people.
1.3.2.1.1 this allows the middle class to adjust to global consumerism
1.3.2.1.2 Hindu Sciences being taught at schools
1.3.2.2 India's wealth is said (by politicians) to be a result of Hindu beliefs and values
2 Pentecostalist Latin America
2.1 Emphasising self denying, personal discipline and hard work- members are therefore upwardly mobile.
2.2 Neccecaery to stop poverty and promote economic development.
2.3 Incorporates local spiritual beliefs as well as new ones
2.3.1 Gained popularity as a charismatic christian religion
3 Fundementalism
3.1 Cosmopolitan
3.1.1 Giddens- Fundementalism is a group of traditionalist who wish to return to the fundamentals of their faith.
3.1.1.1 reaction to globalisation views on gender and sexuality
3.1.1.2 Rely upon traditions of the clergy to interoperate the religious texts that determine their lifestyle
3.2 Monotheism
3.2.1 Bruce sees it as globalisation threatening traditional lifestyles and beliefs
3.2.1.1 Development of rigid and aggressive behaviours
3.2.2 In the West- reaction to changes in society
3.2.3 In the 3rd World- reaction to changes in their country from the west
4 Cultural Defence
4.1 Bruce - Where a community unites together against an external threat ie. the government. Religion unites people as it has a collective identity
4.1.1 Poland 195-89 The Catholic church rose above the communist state by supporting the solidarity free trade union movement.
4.1.2 Iran 1960-70 revolted against the westernisation of Iran
5 Clash of Civilizations
5.1 Huntingdon- since the collapse of communism, clashes have arisen
5.1.1 7 Nations: Western, Latin America, Chian, Japaneese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic- Orthodox. The biggest being between the west and Islam e.g. 9/11 and 7/7 as the west is more liberal than traditional.
5.1.2 religious differences are creating an 'us and them' culture with competitions between military powers
5.1.3 religious identity has made people want to fight for their beliefs
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