The Great Leap Forward (2nd 5-year plan)-1958

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin about 4 years ago
9
0

Description

t
Tags

Resource summary

The Great Leap Forward (2nd 5-year plan)-1958
1 Why?
1.1 Mao wanted another revolution to take control of agriculture and industry
1.2 China's vast resource of manpower were not being used effectively
1.2.1 Still a lot of unemployment
1.3 Mao wanted to turn China into a powerful industrial nation as quickly as possible
1.3.1 Wanted to overtake Britain and the USA's economy in 20/30 years
2 Party Propaganda
2.1 Posters, slogans +newspaper articles encouraged: mass enthusiasm+ long hours of work no matter the conditions
3 Industry
3.1 Higher targets for industry+agriculture introduced
3.2 Big money industries introduced to solve unemployment
3.3 Small commune factories set-up to make cement, chemical fertilisers etc...
3.4 Steel : 600,000 'backyard' steel furnaces in towns+villages --> 11 million tonnes produced= 65% more than 1957
4 Communes
4.1 Communes (collective farms):24,000 communes. Average population= 30,000
4.2 1958: 90% of people (700 million) organised into communes
4.3 Big enough to tackle big projects + set their own local coal, iron, steel industries
5 Results
5.1 Industry
5.1.1 Thousands of small factories= inefficient +wasteful
5.1.2 Much of iron+steel was of poor quality --> cannot be used
5.2 Agriculture
5.2.1 Workers switched to industry --> food production fell
5.2.2 1961: grain had to be imported
5.2.3 1959-62: 3 years of disastrous harvests caused by floods+droughts
5.2.4 1960: harvest reduced by 144 million tonnes
5.2.5 1959-62: 20 million Chinese died of starvation + related diseases
5.3 Communes
5.3.1 Many too large to be run efficiently
5.3.2 Peasants resented loss of family life+ private plots
6 Why it failed
6.1 Natural disasters: Serious droughts +widespread flooding
6.2 Relationship with Russia: Mao fell out with Soviet Leader -> 1960: all soviet engineers returned home+left factories unfinished
6.3 Nonsensical: Investment, technology+ planning were rejected by Mao. Feared he would lose control to a group of 'experts'
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

The Great Gatsby- full book analysis
Georgia Robinson
Gatsby quotes
Roza Stevenson
UNFINISHED: GCSE AQA Computer Science
James Jolliffe
clan lisosomas
Erik alvarado
The Benefits of Social Media
June Mohamad
Great Expectations Quiz
Poppy Lovick
TEXTS IN TIME
caitreble
Quiz #6
Eric Garduno
EVOLUCIÓN WEB
jairotavizon
Surathul abasa
lol181214