Criticisms of the cosmological argument

toriagnew
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Mind Map on Criticisms of the cosmological argument, created by toriagnew on 01/21/2014.

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toriagnew
Created by toriagnew over 5 years ago
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Criticisms of the cosmological argument
1 Hume maintained that we have no experience of universes being made and it is simply not possible to argue from causes within the universe to causes of the universe as a whole. There is a logical jump which the argument fails to recognise. It is one thing to talk about causes that operate within the system of the universe, but it is an entirely different matter to speculate about whether the system as a whole is caused.
2 Immanuel Kant rejected the argument outright not only because he maintained that the idea of a ‘Necessary Being’ was incoherent but also because our knowledge is limited to the phenomenal world of space and time and it is not possible to speculate about what may or may not exist independently of space and time.
3 Hume thinks that the way we make assumptions about cause and effect can be mistaken. he argued that there is a relationship between cause and effect because our minds have developed a habit of seeing causes and automatically associating effects with them.
4 hume stated that as a matter of logic one cannot always claim or assume that every effect has a cause. if this is true then it undermines ways 1 and 2 of Aquinas' argument which assumes there's a relationship between a cause and effect.
5 David Hume also questioned whether it is necessary for the whole universe to have a cause just because everything that is within it could be explained by reference to a preceding cause. This is called the Fallacy of Composition.
6 given the controversy and debates that surround the cosmological argument it is certainly the case that it does not provide a demonstration of God's existence that is beyond doubt. that having been said, for many people the cosmological argument remains today an appealing and credible argument.

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