Organic chemistry

Marc Dominguez S
Mind Map by Marc Dominguez S, updated more than 1 year ago
Marc Dominguez S
Created by Marc Dominguez S almost 4 years ago
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Description

Map of all the functional groups

Resource summary

Organic chemistry
1 Based on hydrocarbons structures
1.1 1 Meth-
1.2 2 Eth-
1.3 3 Prop-
1.4 4 but-
1.5 5 pent-
1.6 6 Hex-
2 There's different functional groups
2.1 they depend on the number of bonds betweeen the carbonsBond dependent
2.1.1 1 Alkanes -ane
2.1.2 2 Alkenes -ene
2.1.3 3 Alkynes -yne
2.2 Halogenoalkanes: A structure + halogen/s
2.2.1 It is necessary to indicate the halogen first+ its position when necessary
2.3 compounds with oxygen
2.3.1 Alcohols (OH) -ol
2.3.1.1
2.3.1.2 Ethers (O on a secondary carbon) -yl -yl ether
2.3.2 Aldehydes (=O on a primary carbon) -al
2.3.2.1 Carboxylic acids (=O+OH on a primary) -oic acid
2.3.2.1.1 Esters (=O+O on a primary carbon) -yl -oate
2.3.2.2 Amides (=O+NH2 on a primary carbon) -amide
2.3.3 Ketones (=O on a secondary carbon) -none
2.4 Compounds with nitrogen
2.4.1 Amines (NH2 ussuallly on a primary) -amine or amino-
2.4.1.1
2.4.2 Nitroderivatives (NO2 on any carbon) Nitro-
2.4.3 nitriles (-C=-N on a primary carbon) -nitrile
2.5 Cyclic compounds (closed chain)
2.5.1 Benzene (six carbons with three theoretical double bonds) benza- or benzene
2.5.1.1 When it is an alcohol it receives the name of phenol
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