Destination Marketing

C O
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

a Destination Marketing Mind Map on Destination Marketing, created by C O on 04/21/2013.

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C O
Created by C O over 6 years ago
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Destination Marketing
1 Concept of Competitive Destination

Annotations:

  • Profitable Tourism BusinessEffective market positioningAttractive EnvironmentSatisfactory Visitor ExperiencesSupportive local residents
1.1 6 Amalgams

Annotations:

  • Available packages Accessibility Attractions Amenities Activities Ancillary Services
1.1.1 DMO Challenges

Annotations:

  • no control over the products they represent Conflicting interest groups amongst stakeholders
2 Customer Behaviour & Image Formation

Annotations:

  • Stages of tourist consumer buying processHow image can impact destination choice?Different aspects of imageHow images are validated before purchase
2.1 Decision Making Process

Annotations:

  • 1. Problem recognition/ Motivation for Travel 2. Information Search/ Internal, external sources 3. Evaluation of Alternatives 4. Decision 5. Post purchase evaluation
2.2 Organic/Induced Image

Annotations:

  • Organic - general life experiences Induces - actively sought information regarding a destination 
2.2.1 Images based on destinations

Annotations:

  • Functional attributes-climate, price, scenary, architecture, shopping, facilities Uniqueness - competitive advantage, sustain - VRIO Psychological features - friendliness, safety, service, quality, crowdedness Holistic- rural/general atmosphere
2.2.1.1 Aspects of Image

Annotations:

  • Conative - action/likelihood of visiting Cognitive - What we know/believe about a place from organic/induced sources Affective - feelings we have for a destination
2.2.1.1.1 Importance of understanding image

Annotations:

  • Image affects:  desination choice, promotions, positioning/repositoning, targeting, recommendations, satisfaction with experience
2.2.1.1.1.1 Problems with Image

Annotations:

  • Inaccurate, dated, takes time to change, we make assumptions, halo effect (if 1 thing good all is good), visitors & non-visitors have different images, destinations multi-faceted (1 holistic/ composite of smaller images) 
3 Product Analysis & Segmentation

Annotations:

  • Different types of destination products Need for packaging products DMO's segment market Understanding the needs of different segments impacts product development
3.1 Core, supporting & augmented products

Annotations:

  • Core - main features that motivates visit Supporting- addittional services & products that make the stay enjoyable (but dont motivate to travel) Augmented - packaging which envelopes the destination
3.2 Destination segmentation

Annotations:

  • Reasons for travel Geographic Demographic Lifestyle/Psycographic
3.2.1 Destination Marketing Matrix

Annotations:

  • NEW EXPANDING STABLE TIRED
4 Branding

Annotations:

  • BRINGING THE PLACE TO LIFE Role in Destination MarketingDifferent aspects of a brandImportance of emotional bond
4.1 Emotional benefits

Annotations:

  • positive feelings people receive from a place e.g. romantic/fun/relaxing/adventurous
4.2 Purpose of branding

Annotations:

  • - Increase awareness & recognition - Differentiate from competitiors - Create a positive image - Give a strong/compelling identity
4.2.1 Destination Brand Benefit Pyramid

Annotations:

  • This can  help identify a destination brands identity elements
4.3 Brand Strategy Components

Annotations:

  • IdentityImagePersonalityEssence/SoulArchitecture
5 Events
5.1 Types of Events

Annotations:

  • Mega events: large impact on economy of entire country Hallmark events: identified with the destination spirit Major events: attract a substancial amount of visitors Local/community events: intended mainly for local residents
5.1.1 Positve/Negative Event Impacts

Annotations:

  • Positive: increased experience, revitalisation of traditions, national ride, broaden cultural perspectives Negatives: community alienation, community manipulation, negative image, improper behaviour, alcohol and drugs
5.2 Events & Tourism

Annotations:

  • Attract visitors, reach new target markets, significant media coverage, increase average spend, increase length of stay, repeat visits increased, attract visitors in low season, enhances destination image
5.2.1 Event benefits

Annotations:

  • Economic, Tourism, Material, Socio/Cultural, Psychological, International Tourism
6 Promoting Destination

Annotations:

  • Promotional industry is changingDifferent promotional toolsImportance of digital toolsNeed for innovative campaigns
6.1 How promotions work AIDA

Annotations:

  • Attention Interest Desire Action
6.1.1 Promotional tools

Annotations:

  • Advertising, public relations, sales promotions, personal selling, direct marketing
7 Effectiveness of DMOs

Annotations:

  • Destination Marketing Planning Process Recognise how DMO successfulness is measured Understand concept of Demarketing
7.1 Planning, Bragging, DeMarketing

Annotations:

  • Demarketing can be a positive tool when destination becomes too successful Holistic approach to destination planning
7.1.1 DMO Planning & Strategic Marketing

Annotations:

  • Situational Analysis Objectives/goals Strategy Formulation Marketing positioning/mix Implementation/Monitoring Visioning approach
7.1.1.1 Measuring Success

Annotations:

  • Visitor metrics: visitor numbers, average length of stay, spending, market share
7.1.2 Demarketing Strategies

Annotations:

  • -Increasing prices-Increasing advertising warning of capacity limitations-Reducing promotional expenditure-Reducing sales reps selling time-Curtailing advertising spend-Eliminating trade discounts More in Pike
7.2 Destination Sucess vs DMO Success

Annotations:

  • DMO Success: supplier relations, community support, effective management, strategic planning, focused and objective driven
7.2.1 DMO Challenges

Annotations:

  • no control over the products they represent Conflicting interest groups amongst stakeholders
8 DMOs & Website Design

Annotations:

  • Identify features of an effective destination website Compare, contrast destination websites Evaluate VisitBrighton website
8.1 Importance of websites

Annotations:

  • Visitors can obtain info to form virtual first impression Allows visitors to evalute products, services & experiences
8.1.1 Desination website aspects

Annotations:

  • Ease of use, responsiveness, fulfilment, security/privacy, personalisation, visual appearance, information quality, trust, interactivity Functional, simple, aesthetically pleasing

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