Canadian Goverment

Neha
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on Canadian Goverment, created by Neha on 02/01/2014.

75
1
0
Tags
Neha
Created by Neha over 5 years ago
EEO Terms
Sandra Reed
ICT GCSE flashcards
Catherine Archer
AS level Maths Equations to Remember
Gurdev Manchanda
GCSE - AQA: C1.1 The Fundamental Ideas in Chemistry
Olly Okeniyi
1PR101 1.test - 10. část
Nikola Truong
Sections of the Charter
Neha
Sections of the Charter_1
Neha
Organic Chemistry
Ella Wolf
Mechanics
james_hobson
Characters in Lord of the Flies
lowri_luxton
Canadian Goverment
1 Federal govt.

Annotations:

  • Powers fall under s.91 of the Constitution Act (1867)
1.1 Judicial branch

Annotations:

  • NOT PART OF PARLIAMENT.THIS IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT MAKES SURE THAT THE PARLIAMENT IS NOT ABOVE THE LAW. ONCE APPOINTED, JUDGES CAN'T BE FIRE BY GOVT.  COMPOSED OF THE FEDERAL COURTS
1.1.1 Supreme Court of Canada

Annotations:

  • FINAL COURT OF APPEAL FOR CASES FROM PROV. & FED. COURTS. MOST OF THE TIME, A "LEAVE TO APPEAL" IS NEEDED FOR THE SCC TO HEAR A CASE. IT IS GRANTED/DENIED FROM A PANEL OF 3 FROM SCC. CASES ARE ALSO HEARD BY THE SCC WHEN THE FED. GOVT. RECOMMENDS IT. HERE, THE SCC MUST ANSWER QUESTIONS GIVEN BY THE FED. GOVT. HAS 9 JUSTICES WHO ARE APPOINTED BY PM. 3/9 FROM QUEBEC & THE OTHER 6 ARE CHOSEN BASED ON REGIONAL REPRESENTATION.
1.1.2 Federal Court of Appeal

Annotations:

  • COURT OF APPEAL FOR ALL ISSUES IN FED. COURTS.
1.1.3 Federal Court of Canada

Annotations:

  • CAN DEAL WITH LAWSUITS AGAINST THE FED. GOVT.
1.2 Executive branch

Annotations:

  • CARRIES OUT THE LAW.  MEMBERS ARE THE PM, THE CABINET, AND THE CIVIL SERVICE/BUREAUCRACY. CABINET RECOMMENDS BILLS TO THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH.
1.3 Legislative branch

Annotations:

  • CAN MAKE/CHANGE/CANCEL LAWS. "LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY" PREVENTS TOO LARGE A SHIFT OF POWER FROM THE FEDERAL & PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENTS TO THE JUDICIARY.
1.3.1 Senate

Annotations:

  • UNELECTED BODY APPOINTED BY PM THAT APPROVES/DENIES BILLS. "UPPER HOUSE".
1.3.2 House of commons

Annotations:

  •  ELECTED BODY THAT MAKES/CANCELS BILLS. "LOWER HOUSE". MEMBERS CALLED MPs.  THEY ARE THE PM & HIS/HER CABINET, MEMBERS FROM THE OPPOSITION PARTIES AND THE OFFICIAL OPPOSITIONS SHADOW'S GOVT. THEY DEBATE GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND ISSUES.
2 Provincial govt.

Annotations:

  • Powers fall under s.92 of the Constitution Act (1867)
2.1 Legislative branch

Annotations:

  • CAN MAKE/CHANGE/CANCEL LAWS. "LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY" PREVENTS TOO LARGE A SHIFT OF POWER FROM THE FEDERAL & PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENTS TO THE JUDICIARY.
2.1.1 Legislature

Annotations:

  • NO SENATE. LEGISLATURE IS LIKE THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. MEMBERS ARE CALLED MPPs. THEY DEBATE GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND ISSUES.
2.2 Executive branch

Annotations:

  • CARRY OUT THE LAW. COMPOSED OF THE PREMIER, THE PROVINCIAL CABINET & THE PROV. CIVIL SERVICE/BUREAUCRACY. CABINET RECOMMENDS BILLS TO THE LEGISLATURE.
2.3 Judicial branch

Annotations:

  • NOT PART OF PARLIAMENT. THIS IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT MAKES SURE THAT THE PARLIAMENT IS NOT ABOVE THE LAW. ONCE APPOINTED, JUDGES CAN'T BE FIRED BY GOVT. COMPOSED OF PROVINCIAL COURTS.
2.3.1 Courts of Appeal

Annotations:

  • CAN HEAR CASES FROM ALL LOWER COURTS. HIGHEST FORM OF APPEAL AT PROV. & TERR. LEVEL. THEY DON'T RETRY CASES. THEY JUST REVIEW THE LEGAL ISSUE THE CASE SURROUNDS. THEY CAN EITHER KEEP A RULING, DISMISS IT, CHANGE IT, OR ORDER A NEW TRIAL (*isn't ordering a new trial called retrying? clarify with shafana)CHIEF JUSTICE OF PROVINCE IS IN THIS COURT.
2.3.2 Courts of first appearance

Annotations:

  • NO JURY TRIALS.  INQUIRIES AS TO WHETHER THERE'S ENOUGH EVIDENCE FOR A TRIAL. THEY HEAR MINOR OFFENCES (CRIMINAL LAW) LITTLE CIVIL LAW AND INCLUDES THE YOUTH CRIMINAL COURT. JUSTICES APPOINTED BY PROV. & TERR. GOVT.'S
2.3.3 Superior Trial Courts

Annotations:

  • HEAR ALMOST ALL CIVIL LAW CASES & SERIOUS CRIMINAL CASES. IT IS ALSO A COURT OF APPEAL FOR MINOR OFFENCES.JUSTICES APPOINTED BY FED. GOVT.
3 Parliamentary Democracy & a Constitutional Monarchy
3.1 Parliamentary system = Opposite of Unitary state
3.2 Parliament = Head of state (Queen), appointed senate, & elected house of commons

Annotations:

  • BASICALLY, THE PARLIAMENT IS THE FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BRANCH.

Media attachments