Verbs: Past tenses

Almudena Alameda
Mind Map by Almudena Alameda, updated more than 1 year ago
Almudena Alameda
Created by Almudena Alameda over 3 years ago
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Description

First Certificate FCE (Grammar) Mind Map on Verbs: Past tenses, created by Almudena Alameda on 04/27/2016.

Resource summary

Verbs: Past tenses
1 PAST SIMPLE
1.1 At a particular time

Annotations:

  • This indicates a completed action in the past with a fixed time phrase
1.1.1 The Titanic sank in 1912
1.2 Happened regularly

Annotations:

  • Remember that "would" and "used to" are also used to talk about the past in this way
1.2.1 Matthew spent most weekends at tennis tournaments
2 PAST CONTINOUS
2.1 Longer duration than another action
2.1.1 I was cutting up vegetables in the kitchen when I heard it on the six o´clok news
2.2 When the event was temporary
2.2.1 Norwich were losing two-nil, with only five minutes to go
3 PRESENT PERFECT
3.1 Started in the past but are still true or are still continuing
3.1.1 We´ve lived here for eight years
3.2 Happened in the past but have an effect in the present
3.2.1 They´ve cancelled tonight´s concert so we´ll have to do something
4 PAST PERFECT
4.1 Happened earlier than something else

Annotations:

  • Needs to be used when it is important to show a time difference
4.1.1 Ken sat in the dark miserably and thought about what he had said to his girlfriend
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