Gerunds and infinitives

Almudena Alameda
Mind Map by Almudena Alameda, updated more than 1 year ago
Almudena Alameda
Created by Almudena Alameda almost 4 years ago
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First Certificate FCE (Grammar) Mind Map on Gerunds and infinitives, created by Almudena Alameda on 04/27/2016.

Resource summary

Gerunds and infinitives
1 Gerund
1.1 After certain verbs and expressions
1.1.1 Like; love; enjoy; adore; fancy, feel, don´t mind; detest, hate; loathe; can´t stand; dislike; finish; avoid; give up; keep; miss; suggest; consider; imagine
1.1.2 It´s not worth; it´s/there´s no use; there´s no point (in)
1.2 After all prepositions except "to"
1.2.1 On hearing the news, she burst into tears
1.2.2 Exceptions
1.2.2.1 To look forward to doing; to object to doing; to get used to doing
1.3 After adj+prepos combinations
1.3.1 Steven is fantastic at cooking Thai food
1.3.2 Good; wonderful; fantastic; bad; awful; terrible at; happy; pleased; glad; anxious; sad; worried about; afraid; frightened; scared; terrified of; interested in; keen on; capable of; proud of; to have difficulty in
1.4 After verb+prepos combinations
1.4.1 I don´t approve of people drinking and driving
1.4.2 Insist on; approve of; apologise for; consist of; believe in; succeed in; accuse someone of; congratulate someone on
1.5 After phrasal verbs
1.5.1 I gave up playing tennis when I hurt my knee
2 Infinitive
2.1 After verbs
2.1.1 I learnt to speak Spanish in Valencia
2.1.2 Afford; agree; ask; choose; help; hope; want; intend; pretend; promise; expect; prefer; used
2.2 After adjetives
2.2.1 I was surprised to see him at the party
2.2.2 Difficult; possible; happy; certain; simple
2.3 Verb+someone+to do something
2.3.1 I asked her to open the window
2.3.2 Encourage; permit; allow; persuade; teach; force
2.4 To express purpose
2.4.1 I went to the shops to get some bread
2.5 Without to
2.5.1 After modals auxiliaries (can, must)
2.5.2 After let, had better, would rather
2.5.3 Make
2.5.3.1 Active: I made him go to school
2.5.3.2 Passive: He was made to go to school
3 Both
3.1 No change in meaning
3.1.1 Start; begin; continue; attempt; intend; be accustomed to; be committed to; can´t bear
3.1.2 The audience started to clap when the performance finished. The audience started clapping when the performance finished.
3.2 Slight change in meaning
3.2.1 Prefer; like; hate; love
3.2.2 I like swimming (in general)
3.2.3 I like to swimm in the morning (talking about a habit)
3.3 Change in meaning
3.3.1 Try
3.3.1.1 I tried to open the window, but it was struck (I couldn´t do it)
3.3.1.2 It was hot, so I tried opening the window (an experiment)
3.3.2 Stop
3.3.2.1 I stopped her to get some petrol (purpose)
3.3.2.2 I stopped going to that garage when they put their prizes up (I didn´t go there any more)
3.3.3 Regret
3.3.3.1 I regret to tell you that we have no more rooms (bad news)
3.3.3.2 I regret no making more friends when I was at school (past event)
3.3.4 Remember / Forget
3.3.4.1 I remember/never forget going to New York on Concorde when I was a child (in the past)
3.3.4.2 I must remember/musn´t forget to buy a newspaper while I´m out shopping (still hasn´t happened)
3.3.5 Mean
3.3.5.1 I mean to work had at university (intention)
3.3.5.2 It will mean going to the library more often (the result)
3.3.6 Go on
3.3.6.1 When I finished shopping, I´ll go on to see a film (change of activity)
3.3.6.2 Please don´t stop, go on showing us your photos (continue)
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