1 BACTERIAL diseases account for
2/3 of foodborne illness. Most
have some GI Symptoms up to 72
hours, and few have fever.
1.1 SALMONELLA has 1,600 serotypes but only
50 of them are common. It is carried in
reptiles, such as turtles and iguanas, as
well as baby chicks. Salmonella does not
multiply if the pH is < 4.
1.2 STAPHYLOCCUS AUERUS is very acute and
self-limiting, unless you are already immune
compromised. It is found on foods not cooked
a second time, such as salad bars, from
sneezing and coughing on food. It can also
cause pimples and boils.
1.3 CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGES is also known as
the "cafeteria germ". It is a spore forming
1.3.1 CLOSTRIDIAM BOTULISM is also a spore
forming bacteria that releases a delay
neurotoxin. Years ago the culprit for this
disease was home canning, such as in Alaska
where they preserved seal blubber and whale
meat in vats of oil which set up aerobic
conditions. This is where the highest rates of
botulism are found.
1.4 ARIZONA INFECTION is similar to salmonella.
It is found in turkeys and maybe reptiles.
1.5 E.COLI is related to HUS (hemolytic uremic
syndrome) which causes kidney failure. The
EPA requires pre-cooked foods to be heated
at 155F for 15 seconds.
1.6 LISTERA is a major public health concern. It
poses a danger to pregnant women because it
can cause death to the fetus by septicemia,
meningitis, and hemmoraging. It is caused by
eating cheese made from raw milk.
1.7 BRUCCLEA is also a public health concern, also
posing threat to pregnant women through
spontaneous abortion. It is also linked to Malta
fever in calves, found in raw milk and the
aborted tissue or fluid of dead calves. There is a
vaccine, which is Russian made.
1.8 CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI is in 90% of poultry in
the U.S. It causes bloody diarrhea.
1.9 SHIGELLA causes vibe parahemolyticus, mostly in
Japan. It is found in fish and cucumber.
2.1 HEPATITIS A is person to person spread.
It is mostly found in shellfish, but is also
found in milk and orange juice. A
vaccine is available.
2.2 NOROVIUS is waterborne or person
to person spread. It is the largest
outbreak of waterborne agents and
is found on cruise ships.
2.3 MULTI-VIRUSES can infect foods.
3 PARASITIC WORMS
3.1 TRICHNOSIS is caused by the trichina
worm. It is found in undercooked/raw
pork, bear meat, and rats.
3.2.1 FISH tapeworms have a high incidence
because of an increase in sushi
126.96.36.199 Eggs go to the brain
(incubation 25-30 yrs)
and cause seizures.
188.8.131.52 Larvae produce GI symptoms.
3.3 FLUKES are found in Southeast
Asia and cause GI symptoms.
4.1 ERGOT POISONING or St. Anthony's
Fire is from fungus that grows on
4.2 AFLATOXINS are fungi that grow
on bean and grains and cause
4.3 YEAST INFECTIONS aka mycotic
infections on food.