Ellie Humberstone
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Jamaican music from 1950's to 70's

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Ellie Humberstone
Created by Ellie Humberstone over 5 years ago
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Reggae
1 1950's
1.1 Mento
1.1.1 Influenced by R'n'B from US
1.1.2 Bands formed, recorded and played Mento
1.2 Selectors
1.2.1 Mento was played in travelling dance halls - 1950
1.2.2 DJ's in dance halls named selectors
1.2.3 Selectors picked the records played
1.2.4 'Toasting' done by selectors
1.2.4.1 Selectors spoke over the record
1.2.4.1.1 Early form of Rap
1.3 Influence of Soul
1.3.1 Instrumentation
1.3.1.1 Electric band and horns
1.3.2 Upbeat tempo
1.3.3 Vocals and backing vocals
2 Early 60's
2.1 Ska
2.1.1 Keyboard plays offbeat
2.1.2 Soul with Jamaican, Carribean and American influence
2.1.3 Small influence of American blues
2.1.4 Stronger influence of soul than Mento
2.1.5 More electric instruments than aoustic
2.1.6 Slower tempo than Mento
2.1.7 Change of instrumentation
2.1.7.1 Text/ lyrics become more important
2.1.7.1.1 Political / social context
2.1.7.1.2 Influences from America
2.1.7.1.3 Larger importance of Bass
3 Mid 60's
3.1 Rocksteady
3.1.1 Jamaican equivalent of Punk
3.1.2 Slower than Ska
3.1.3 Rude boys
3.1.3.1 Played many tracks in dance halls at half speed
3.1.3.2 Promoted tougher image
3.1.4 Bass again more melodic
4 Late 60's
4.1 Reggae
4.1.1 Ragged style of Jamaican dance and pop music
4.1.2 Reinvention of American R'n'B
4.1.2.1 Combination of Mento and R'n'B
4.1.3 Growing influence of political themes
4.1.3.1 Rastafarian movement
4.1.4 Typical features of reggae
4.1.4.1 Slow tempo
4.1.4.2 Bass guitar more melodic
4.1.4.3 Still use of vocal group and horns
4.1.4.4 Influences of Soul
4.1.4.4.1 Use of strings
4.1.4.4.2 Influences from Motown and Phil Spector
4.1.4.5 One drop drum pattern
4.1.4.5.1 Drop beat 1
4.1.4.5.2 Bass drum - beat 1 and 3
4.1.4.5.3 Snare drum - 2 and 4
4.1.4.6 Trifunctional bass part
4.1.4.6.1 Rhythmic , harmonic and melodic
4.1.4.7 Continuous hi-hat pattern
4.1.4.7.1 Played on all quaver beats
4.1.4.7.2 Hypnotic trance like effect

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