Defining Acids & Bases

Mind Map by monzee.torres06, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by monzee.torres06 over 5 years ago


Comparing & contrasting acids & bases

Resource summary

Defining Acids & Bases
  1. strong acids & bases are able to dissociate 100%
    1. are able to conduct electricity
      1. usually found on the first 2 columns of the Periodic Table
        1. Acids & bases tend to taste bitter
          1. Strong Acids turn into conjugate bases in the right side of equation
            1. Acid strength is determined by pH
              1. Acids lower than 7 = acidic
                1. Acids around 7 are neutral
                  1. Acids stronger than 7 = bases
                  2. Some strong acids & bases can harm you
                    1. Hydroiodic Acid
                  3. weak acids & bases dissociate very little
                    1. conducts very little electricity
                      1. Taste bitter
                        1. Weak bases turn into conjugate acids in the right side of the equation
                          1. Weak acids aren't as harmful
                            1. vinegar dressing
                          2. Naming acids:
                            1. -ite turns to
                              1. -ous
                              2. -ate turns to
                                1. -ic
                                2. -ide turns to
                                  1. -Hydro__ic acid
                                3. Arrhenius definition
                                  1. Acid: [H+] concentration increases
                                    1. Base: [OH-] concentration increases
                                    2. Brønsted-Lowry definition
                                      1. Acid: H+ donor
                                        1. Base: OH- acceptor
                                        2. Amphoteric Substance
                                          1. Can act as acid or a base
                                            1. For example; H20 can act as an acid or a base but it's weak
                                          Show full summary Hide full summary


                                          Chem second semester final
                                          Unit 1 - Matter - Concept Map N*** C***** - Block 4
                                          Nick C
                                          Chem second semester final
                                          Kimberly Allaire
                                          Cell Structure
                                          GRE Word of the Day
                                          SAT Prep Group
                                          CUMULATIVE FREQUENCY DIAGRAMS
                                          Elliot O'Leary
                                          UNIT 1 DIGITAL MEDIA SECTORS AND AUDIENCES
                                          carolyn ebanks
                                          Biological Definitions
                                          Biology Unit 4: Respiration and Photosynthesis
                                          Charlotte Lloyd
                                          Power and Conflict Poetry
                                          Charlotte Woodward
                                          TEL Bath