The Allegory of the Cave

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Philosophy (Plato) Mind Map on The Allegory of the Cave, created by ellen.harrison on 02/17/2014.

Created by ellen.harrison over 5 years ago
Plato's Theory of Forms
Rebecca Harbury
The Similes
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Plato's philosophy
Strengths of Plato's Idea of Forms
Analogy of the Cave
Heloise Tudor
Weaknesses of Plato's Idea of Forms
Meaning of the Allegory of the Cave
The Allegory of the Cave
1 1. Starts with a cave, underground, with a passageway towards the light outside
2 2. Inside the cave there are people, kept prisoner since childhood. Chained together facing the back of the cave.
3 3. The people are chained in such a way that they cannot move, only look forward. Above and behind them is a large fire, only source of light
4 4. There is a walkway, in front of which is a low wall, people walking along walkway holding various objects
4.1 Statues
4.2 Silhouettes of animals, people and plants
5 5. Some of the people talk to one another, voices echoed and distorted. The objects are flickering shadows on the wall
5.1 All that the prisoners see and hear, are indistinct voices and shadows , this is all they have ever seen and heard and all they talk about
6 6. One day, prisoner is freed from chains, compelled to stand, turn around and look towards the fire, brightness of fire is so much that he cannot see anything else
6.1 When eyes adjust, finds it difficult to believe that the things behind him are more real than the shadows and want to go back to where he was
7 7. Pushed further by something (someone). Dragged up steep, rough slope up to entrance of cave
8 8. Compelled to look at brightness outside - painful. eyes become accustomed to brightness. First he looks at shadows of the objects, then their reflections in water and then the objects themselves
9 9. Realises that the sun gives light to everything in the world. then thinks about existence left behind in cave, now feels compelled to go back to help them
10 10. Going back in to cave, prisoner finds it difficult to see his surroundings, because of darkness, he cant see the shadows as well as he could before
11 11. Stands in front of prisoners, tries to talk to them about reality of world he has seen outside the cave. prisoners laugh at him because he can no longer see the shadows as clearly. They say that if someone tries to free them they will kill him