Plato's Theory of Forms

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Philosophy (Plato) Mind Map on Plato's Theory of Forms, created by ellen.harrison on 02/26/2014.

Created by ellen.harrison over 5 years ago
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Plato's Theory of Forms
1 World we live in is a world of 'appearances' but the 'real world' is a world of ideas he calls FORMS.
2 World of appearances not important or real world
2.1 World of Forms more important due to them being timeless, eternal and unchanging
2.2 Only has shadows and images of the Forms
2.2.1 Imitate the Form
2.3 Forms go beyond human comprehension
3 In material world things that exist like cats and trees all die - they are contingent
3.1 What makes a cat a cat or tree a tree is the way which it corresponds to the Form of tree or cat.
4 FORM - idea of what a thing is.
4.1 Many types of cat but all conform to some degree the idea of what a cat is
4.2 Unchanging because concept, not physical object that imitate or copy Form, they die
4.3 Everlasting
4.4 Exist in different reality
5 True Form MUST exist somewhere - THE WORLD OF FORMS
6 Not concerned with Forms of objects like beds or animals, cat
7 Concerned with concepts
7.1.1 Applied to different objects Flower, person Not whole story or definition of beauty
7.1.2 Led Plato to believe that there was an underlying beauty, the real Form of beauty To which things correspond to a greater or lesser extent
8 When born - dim recollection of Forms
8.1 Have immortal soul that observed Forms before incarnated into body
8.1.1 In body - memories of soul, dim
8.1.2 People can have basic understanding of truth, justice or beauty without being taught Instinct
9 Philosopher - tries to escape world of appearances and with mind, see the Forms that lie behind appearances
9.1 Because they have knowledge of Forms, Plato suggests philosophers most suitable to rule society
10 Education
10.1 Matter of remembering and recalling Forms
10.1.1 Knowledge in the soul, but hidden by the incarnation of the soul in the body
10.2 People don't learn new things
10.2.1 Process of understanding the reality of how things are
10.2.2 If learn lying is wrong, not matter of being taught Acknowledge that lying is wrong, from the Form of truth that your soul knew before incarnation
11 Most important Form = Form of the Good
11.1 In world of appearances we can label things as good, but they don't tell us of all that goodness is
11.2 Analogy of the sun
11.2.1 Form of the good makes things knowable and is source of all other forms
11.3 Allows us to understand and assess things
11.4 Analogy of sight
11.4.1 Sight requires light and the eye to see clearly Light symbolises Form of the Good Without the knowledge of the Form of the Good, one does not see clearly Like trying to see in the dark
12 Forms are:
12.1 Transcendent
12.1.1 Not located in space and time No particular place or time at which 'redness' exists
12.2 Pure
12.2.1 Forms only exemplify one property
12.2.2 Material objects impure, they combine a number of properties in one object.
12.3 Archetypes
12.3.1 Perfect examples of the property they exemplify Perfect models on which all things are based
12.4 Ultimately real
12.4.1 Real entities not material Materials, imitate the real entities, they reality comes from them
12.5 Causes
12.5.1 Causes of all things Provide explanation for the way things are Source, origin of the being of all things
12.6 Systematically interconnected
12.6.1 Comprise a system leading down from the Form of the Good

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