Enlightment

Flor de Luz Rodríguez Albarrán
Mind Map by Flor de Luz Rodríguez Albarrán, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Flor de Luz Rodríguez Albarrán
Created by Flor de Luz Rodríguez Albarrán over 3 years ago
19
0
0

Description

Enlightment
Tags

Resource summary

Enlightment
1 Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
1.1 He was a self-influenced English philosopher. He thought that the only way for people to live was if they were governed by a king. Hobbes said that there was a a social contract between the king and the people. His main written work is "Leviathan" and "The Matter, Form and Power of a Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and Civil".
2 John Locke (1632-1704)
2.1 John Locke was an English philosopher who's main idea was that all humans were born with 3 basic natural rights (life, liberty and property) and that the government role was to protect this rights. He was inspired by the social contract of Hobbes, but refused the idea that the kings had the divine right to rule. One of his main written works is "Second Treatise on Government"
3 Montesquieu (1685-1755)
3.1 Montesquieu was a French writer and a political theorist, he created the divition of power to protect the natural rights (Locke) and to avoid government abuse. The government was divided in 3 (Executive, Legislative and Judiciary). His most famous book is "The Spirit of the Laws".
4 Voltaire (1694-1778)
4.1 He was a French writer who proposed the Religious Tolerance (the separation of the government from the church). Voltaire influenced the political area. His most famous work is "Candide". The French writer was inspired by Hobbs, Locke and Montesquieu.
5 Jean Jacques- Rousseau (1712-1778)
5.1 He was a swiss writer and philosopher. He said that the government was based on a contract (Hobbes), but if the government didn't protect the natural rights (Locke), people could back out of the social contract and create a new government.
6 Denis Diderot (1713-1784)
6.1 Diderot was a French writer, philosopher and an encyclopedist. He was one of the leading figures in the Enlightenment. Diderot's ideas were more progressive than those of most of his contemporaries. Diderot was an editor of the Encyclopedia,he believed that the knowledge of all things(arts, science, etc.) should be available to the public instead of being monopolized by academics, politicians or churches, he also wrote "An Essay on Blindness".
7 Adam Smith (1723-1790)
7.1 He was a Scottish philosopher and political economist. Smith's idea was that a nation's wealth should be judged by the total of its production and commerce. His main book is "The Wealth of Nations", in which he writes the first comprehensive system of political economy.
8 Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
8.1 Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer who advocated for women's equality. She wrote a book "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" that pressed for equality in educational reforms. Her ideas were revolutionary and caused controversy at that time.
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

La prehistoria
Remei Gomez Gracia
Primera Guerra Mundial
Diego Santos
La Guerra de la Independencia y Revolución Liberal
maya velasquez
La Dictadura Franquista
Diego Santos
Tema 2: Revoluciones liberales y movimientos nacionalistas en Europa
Joaquín Ruiz Abellán
Arquitectura Gótica
maya velasquez
Historia de España S. XVIII, XIX y XX.
Diego Santos
Test sobre Los Reyes Católicos - La integración de las coronas
maya velasquez
Historia de España: Constituciones y fechas
maya velasquez
Historia de España: Al-Ándalus
maya velasquez
Arte del Renacimiento
maya velasquez