Factors of Independence

samcude
Mind Map by samcude, updated more than 1 year ago
samcude
Created by samcude over 7 years ago
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Mind Map on Factors of Independence, created by samcude on 04/29/2013.

Resource summary

Factors of Independence
1 Economy
1.1 Indian imports fell 1928/29 £83 million 1935/36 £39 million

Annotations:

  • Boycotts especially cloth
1.1.1 Gradual decline in revenue from india
1.2 1931 Reserve Bank of India
1.2.1 Exchange rate no longer tied to sterling
1.2.1.1 Imports more expensive, exports not so profitable
1.3 Impact of WW2
1.3.1 Cost of rebuilding in Britain
1.3.2 By the end the war was costing £70 million a day
1.4 The cost of running the empire had increased to £1.4 billion p.a by the end of the war
2 Labour
2.1 Socialist, ideological belief that independence is the right thing
2.2 Economy
2.2.1 Need to rebuild Britain
2.2.1.1 Want to increase social reforms such as NHS
3 CommunalViolence/ civil unrest
3.1 Britain worried they cannot control India
3.1.1 1946 Direct Action Day resulted in Calcutta killings

Annotations:

  • It is thought that the Chief Minister of Bengal incited the violence against local Hindus.  It is also now believed that the underworld criminal gangs took advantage and exploited the initial trouble that broke out. There were hartals held all over  India that were peaceful
3.1.2 1921 Chauri Chaura
3.1.3 1922 Moplah Rebellion
3.1.4 1946 Bombay Mutiny

Annotations:

  • 20,000 sailors took control of their ships. Britain needed Congress to get it under control
3.2 Demobbed soldiers still had weapons
4 International Pressure
4.1 Wilson's 14 points, one was national self determination
4.2 Atlantic Charter 1941
4.3 Crips Mission 1942
4.4 Debt - war time loans
4.4.1 2.73 billion - mainly to the US
5 Mountbatten
5.1 Determind to create a quick transfer of power
5.1.1 keen to please Congress (Nehru particularly)
5.1.1.1 They want independence
6 Congress/Nationalist Campaigns
6.1 Lahore Session 1929
6.1.1 Independence becomes formal aim of Congress and Muslim League
6.2 Gandhi's campaigns
6.3 Round table conferences
6.3.1 2nd Round Table Conf. Gandhi only rep of Congress - only allowed to agree to full independence
7 World War 2
7.1 Britain not prepared to fight / build up army post war
7.2 Reform offered as reward
7.2.1 1940 offer/Cripps mission
7.3 INA shows INdians prepared to fight
7.4 Quit India Movement
7.5 POW's had potential to cause civil unrest
7.5.1 Lots of Indian POW's who had fought for INA
7.5.1.1 If they let them go, seen as weak

Annotations:

  • Could convict of treason, sentence to death, make them martyrs
7.5.1.1.1 Britain decides to select 1 Sikh, 1 Muslim and 1 Hindu
7.5.1.1.1.1 Not favouring 1 group but all religious groups against them
7.5.1.1.1.2 Court martial, tried for treason, convicted, sentenced to deportation
7.5.1.1.1.3 Forced to release prisoners due to potential uprising
8 Bengal Famine
8.1 Britain seen as responsible
8.2 Created unrest
8.3 Increased pressure to leave
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