Aphasia

Adriana Serafin Tellez
Mind Map by Adriana Serafin Tellez, updated more than 1 year ago
Adriana Serafin Tellez
Created by Adriana Serafin Tellez over 4 years ago
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Description

This map contains the definition of aphasia and some aphasias

Resource summary

Aphasia
  1. It is an impairmentof language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech and the ability to read an write
    1. Brocca´s Aphasia
      1. In this form of aphasia, speech output is severaly reduced and is limited mainly to short utterances of less than four words.
        1. Vocabulary is limited, the transformation of sounds is laborious and clumsy and the wirting is also limited.
      2. Wernick´s Apahasia
        1. In tis form of aphasia the ability to grasp the meaning of spoken words is chiefly impaired, while the ease of producing connected speech is not much affected.
          1. The speech is far from normal. Reading and wirting are often impaired
        2. Conduction Aphasia
          1. A type of fluent aphasia with a prominent impairment with repetition. Damage typically involves the arcuate fasciculus and the left parietal region.
            1. The patient will show significant difficulty repeating phrases, particularly as the phrases increase in length and complexity and as they stumble over words they are attempting to pronounce.
          2. Anomic Aphasia
            1. This term is applied to persons who are left with a persistent inability to supply words for the very things they want to talk about particularly the significant nound and verbs
            2. Other Cortical syndromes
              1. In addition to the foregoing syndromes that are seen repeatedly by speech clinians, there are many other possible combinations of deficits that do not exactly fit into these categories.
                1. Some of the components of a complex aphasia syndrome may also occur in isolation
                2. Some other cortical syndromes are:
                  1. agnosia:
                    1. can't recog specific sensory stimulus despite preserved sensory fxn
                    2. aphonia
                      1. is the inability to speak
                      2. amnesia:
                        1. inability to remember
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