Utilitarianism A2 AQA

Obri Gonzalez
Mind Map by Obri Gonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
Obri Gonzalez
Created by Obri Gonzalez over 3 years ago
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Description

A thorough explanation of Utilitarianism, explaining Bentham, Mill and Objections

Resource summary

Utilitarianism A2 AQA
1 The greater good for the greatest happiness
1.1 Pleasure over Pain
2 Bentham
2.1 Utility
2.1.1 Felicific Calculus
2.1.1.1 Felicity=Happiness
2.1.1.2 Pleasure counts more if...
2.1.1.2.1 More intense
2.1.1.2.2 Last longer
2.1.1.2.3 Happen sooner rather than later
2.1.1.2.4 Produce many pleasures >fewer pains
2.1.1.2.4.1 Complex form of dictation whether am act should be performed or not
2.1.1.2.5 Direct Pleasure & Pain
2.1.1.2.5.1 Intesnity
2.1.1.2.5.1.1 Duration
2.1.1.2.5.1.1.1 Certainty
2.1.1.2.5.1.1.1.1 Remoteness
2.1.1.2.5.2 Effects
2.1.1.2.5.2.1 Fecundity
2.1.1.2.5.2.1.1 Purity
3 Mill
3.1 Quality
3.1.1 Human beings
3.1.1.1 Able to experience pleasure
3.1.1.1.1 Deep personal relationships
3.1.1.1.1.1 Art
3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Creative Thought
3.1.2 Over quantity
3.1.2.1 Satisfy "Higher Capacities"
3.1.2.1.1 Higher & Lower Pleasures
3.2 Happiness
3.2.1 Intended pleasure & absence of pain
3.2.2 Unhappiness
3.2.2.1 Pain & privation of pleasure
3.3 Prefer to be dissatisfied human; than a satisfied pig
3.3.1 Our sense of dignity
4 Question of Pleasure
4.1 Bentham
4.1.1 Instant pleasure the better
4.1.1.1 Instant gratification
4.1.1.2 Ranked in sensual pleasures
4.1.1.2.1 Less Demanding
4.1.1.2.1.1 Hedonistic

Annotations:

  • The claim that pleasure is happiness and the only good
4.1.1.2.2 More readily available
4.2 Mill
4.2.1 Quality pleasures
4.2.1.1 Higher Capacities
4.2.1.1.1 Structure Class
4.2.1.1.1.1 More Demanding
4.2.1.1.1.1.1 For the Elite
4.2.1.2 Pleasure is higher than another if almost everyone who is 'competently acquainted' w/ both prefers one over the other
5 Preference
5.1 Be in touch w/ reality but not because it brings us pleasure
5.1.1 We should maximise people's preferences
5.1.1.1 Having preference is valuable
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