1 The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995 aims to end the
discrimination that faces many people with disabilities.
1.1.1 It now gives people with disabilities rights in the areas of: employment
1.1.2 makes it unlawful to discriminate
against disabled people in most public
circumstances. minimisation of
discrimination toward disabled people
1.1.3 awareness has been created among employers, businesses and educators
that a disabled person can function and succeed equally as others
1.1.4 employers are prohibited from discriminating against disabled workers in
all aspects of employment for any reason related to their disability
1.1.5 Act covers recruitment and selection including: application forms, job descriptions, recruitment advertising, shortlisting and interviewing arrangements, selection testing,
medical questionnaires and assessments, terms of employment, harassment, pregnancy, maternity and adoption rights and promotion, transfer or training opportunities
1.2 discriminatory practices
1.2.2 excluding people
1.2.3 verbally abusing people who are different
1.2.4 devaluing pople treating the needs and interests of
individuals as they are less valuable than others.
1.3 characteristics of discrimination
1.3.7 sexual orientation
1.4 key words
1.4.1 discrimination - the act on prejudice. unfair treatment
of a person racial group, minority based on prejudice.
1.4.2 direct discrimination - a disabled person is treated less
favourably than a person not having that particular disability
1.4.3 indirect discrimination - the disabled person is treated less favourably than other people to whom the reason
does not or would not apply, and this treatment cannot be justified.
1.4.4 victimisation - people are penalised for
highlighting discrinatory practices 'you will
have to leave because you made a complaint'
1.4.5 disability - is a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial
and long term affect on the ability to carry out day to day activities
1.4.6 employment tribunal - if a person is discriminated within 3
months they can take a case to court and receive compensation
'e.g. unfair deductions from the individuals pay'
1.5 effect of life questions: resources, accessibility, equipment,
staff, recruitment, polices (equal opportunities policy)
1.6.1 children may need specialist support which the
existing staff have not been trained to supply
1.6.2 Children with behavioural difficulties
may create a danger for other children.
1.6.3 Care must be taken to give children adequate care staffing needs to be adequate to cope with all needs.
1.6.4 The unclear wording of the act opens up
loopholes that allow discrimination to continue.
1.6.5 an individual in a
wheelchair might get
a benefit that an
individual with a
learning disability or
mental disability is not
1.6.6 It suggests that a
disability is any
mental or physical
impairment that is
long term and it
like cancer and
HIV, but it does
not include some
makes it difficult to
occurs because it
is difficult to
an individual is
1.7 types of discrimination
1.7.2 down sydrome
1.8 Physical impairment: a weakening of part of the body (eyes, ears,
limbs, internal organs, etc) caused by accident or from birth. Examples
would be blindness, deafness, paralysis of a leg or heart disease.
1.9 Mental impairment: this includes
mental ill health and what is commonly
known as learning disability.