disability discrimination act

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part one

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Created by chaz.heer over 5 years ago
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disability discrimination act
1 The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995 aims to end the discrimination that faces many people with disabilities.
1.1 advantages
1.1.1 It now gives people with disabilities rights in the areas of: employment education and
1.1.2 makes it unlawful to discriminate against disabled people in most public circumstances. minimisation of discrimination toward disabled people
1.1.3 awareness has been created among employers, businesses and educators that a disabled person can function and succeed equally as others
1.1.4 employers are prohibited from discriminating against disabled workers in all aspects of employment for any reason related to their disability
1.1.5 Act covers recruitment and selection including: application forms, job descriptions, recruitment advertising, shortlisting and interviewing arrangements, selection testing, medical questionnaires and assessments, terms of employment, harassment, pregnancy, maternity and adoption rights and promotion, transfer or training opportunities
1.2 discriminatory practices
1.2.1 physically assaulting people that as different
1.2.2 excluding people from activities
1.2.3 verbally abusing people who are different
1.2.4 devaluing pople treating the needs and interests of individuals as they are less valuable than others.
1.3 characteristics of discrimination
1.3.1 race
1.3.2 colour
1.3.3 gender
1.3.4 religion
1.3.5 age
1.3.7 sexual orientation
1.4 key words
1.4.1 discrimination - the act on prejudice. unfair treatment of a person racial group, minority based on prejudice.
1.4.2 direct discrimination - a disabled person is treated less favourably than a person not having that particular disability
1.4.3 indirect discrimination - the disabled person is treated less favourably than other people to whom the reason does not or would not apply, and this treatment cannot be justified.
1.4.4 victimisation - people are penalised for highlighting discrinatory practices 'you will have to leave because you made a complaint'
1.4.5 disability - is a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long term affect on the ability to carry out day to day activities
1.4.6 employment tribunal - if a person is discriminated within 3 months they can take a case to court and receive compensation 'e.g. unfair deductions from the individuals pay'
1.5 effect of life questions: resources, accessibility, equipment, staff, recruitment, polices (equal opportunities policy)
1.6 disadvantages
1.6.1 children may need specialist support which the existing staff have not been trained to supply
1.6.2 Children with behavioural difficulties may create a danger for other children.
1.6.3 Care must be taken to give children adequate care staffing needs to be adequate to cope with all needs.
1.6.4 The unclear wording of the act opens up loopholes that allow discrimination to continue.
1.6.5 an individual in a wheelchair might get a benefit that an individual with a learning disability or mental disability is not provided.
1.6.6 It suggests that a disability is any mental or physical impairment that is long term and it includes illnesses like cancer and HIV, but it does not include some mental illnesses such as depression. This makes it difficult to determine when discrimination occurs because it is difficult to determine when an individual is considered mentally disabled.
1.7 types of discrimination
1.7.1 paralysed
1.7.2 down sydrome
1.7.3 Deaf
1.7.4 Autism
1.7.5 Dementia
1.8 Physical impairment: a weakening of part of the body (eyes, ears, limbs, internal organs, etc) caused by accident or from birth. Examples would be blindness, deafness, paralysis of a leg or heart disease.
1.9 Mental impairment: this includes mental ill health and what is commonly known as learning disability.

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