CALLA

Aimee  Holland
Mind Map by Aimee Holland, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Aimee  Holland
Created by Aimee Holland about 3 years ago
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CALLA method
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CALLA
1 CALLA Model (three components)
1.1 1. CALLA curriculum planning, educators begin by selecting the content, which should align with national or state standards for each academic content subject and the TESOL K-12 Proficiency Standards.
1.1.1 The content determines the academic language objectives and the types of learning strategies that are appropriate.
1.1.1.1 By aligning content topics with national or state standards, English learners are provided with a selection of actual topics that they will encounter in content subject classrooms.
1.1.1.1.1 Provides opportunities for students to use higher-order thinking from the beginning stages of English acquistion by posing questions that require thoughtful answers and higher order thinking.
1.2 2. Academic language development, includes all four language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing)
1.2.1 The focus is always on literacy across the content curriculum.
1.2.1.1 English language learners develop academic language skills and literacy through cognitively demanding activities in which comprehension is assisted by contextual supports and scaffolded instruction.
1.2.1.1.1 Scaffolding includes the provision of extenisve instructional support when concepts and skills are being first introduced, and the gradual removal of these supports when students begin to develop greater proficiency, skills, and knowledge.
1.3 3. Central component is instruction in learning strategies.
1.3.1 Students who are mentally active and who analyze and reflect on their learning activties will learn, retain, and be able to use new information more effectively.
1.3.1.1 Students will be able to learn and apply strategies more effectively with new tasks if they verbalize and describe their efforts to apply strategies with learning activities.
1.3.1.1.1 English language learners can use background knowledge, make inferences, and make predictions.
2 Learning Strategies
2.1 Students in a content ESL program like CALLA are faced with the formidable task of learning academic content and language at the same time.
2.1.1 To learn new content information, an essential learning strategy is using background knowledge, or associating one's prior knowledge with the new information learned.
2.1.1.1 Examples include graphic organizers, taking notes,
3 Interaction Between Cognitive and Social Learning
3.1 Humans live in an environment that includes booth social relationships and cultural artifacts that influence the way we think
3.1.1 Many factors influence a student's second-language development, including both internal cognitive and affective factors and external social and cultural factors.
3.1.1.1 CALLA emphasizes cognition, it also recognizes that the social and cultural learning environment strongly influences the way in which students learn as well as their motivation for learning.
4 Thinking Skills
4.1 To accomplish the academic language functions successfully with academic content requires the use of both lower and higher order thinking skills.
4.1.1 Lower order thinking skills make it possible for ELL to answer correctly by rote. CALLA teachers are encouraged to ask students quetions that require explanation on a daily basis. At first, students' answers may be hesitant and their language inaccurate, but with good teacher modeling and sufficient practice they will be able to express complex thoughts in English.
4.1.1.1 Lower order thinking include recalling facts, identifying vocabulary, and making definitons, Examples of higher order thinking skills invovle using language to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate.
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