The 18th century: foundations of the Contemporary Period

Mario Blazquez Zaballos
Mind Map by Mario Blazquez Zaballos, updated more than 1 year ago
Mario Blazquez Zaballos
Created by Mario Blazquez Zaballos almost 5 years ago
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mapa mental del siglo 18

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The 18th century: foundations of the Contemporary Period
  1. Political liberalism and enlightened despotism
    1. Political liberalism
      1. Thinkers
        1. Montesquieu
          1. Absoluted monarchies
          2. Voltaire
            1. Religious fanaticism
            2. Rousseau
              1. Social inequality
              2. John Locke
            3. Enlightened despotism
              1. Variant of absolutism
                1. Idea of Progress
                  1. Series
                    1. Political
                      1. Economic
                      2. Regalism
                    2. Economic liberalism
                      1. Adam Smith
                        1. Economic liberalism
                        2. Technological and scientific advances
                          1. Technology
                            1. James Watt
                              1. Cartwright
                              2. Science
                                1. D.G. Fahrenheit
                                  1. C. Linnaeus
                                    1. A.Lavoisier
                                      1. A.Volta
                                        1. A.Celsius
                                          1. B.Franklin
                                        2. François Quesnay
                                          1. Opposed to mercantilism
                                            1. Theory of physiocracy
                                        3. Europe and the Enlightenment
                                          1. Europe in the 18th century
                                            1. Monarchs
                                              1. Gained power
                                                1. Absolute monarchies
                                                  1. Exceptions
                                                    1. England
                                                      1. Constitutional monarchies
                                                      2. Netherlands
                                                  2. Wars
                                                    1. Hegemony in Europe
                                                      1. Conflicts
                                                        1. Colonies
                                                          1. Control of trade routes
                                                        2. Reafirmation of th world greatest economic power
                                                          1. Ports
                                                            1. London
                                                              1. Hamburg
                                                                1. Marseille
                                                                2. Rivers
                                                                  1. Elbe
                                                                    1. Rhine
                                                                      1. Danube
                                                                    2. Increase of population
                                                                      1. 120 million =>1710
                                                                        1. 187 million =>1789
                                                                        2. Social changes
                                                                          1. Intensified European expansion
                                                                            1. Cities expanded
                                                                              1. Urban working class increased
                                                                                1. Middle class accumulate wealth
                                                                            2. The Enlightenment
                                                                              1. Philosophical movement
                                                                                1. France
                                                                                  1. Characterised by
                                                                                    1. Rationalism
                                                                                      1. Political absolutism and religious ortodoxy
                                                                                      2. Criticism
                                                                                      3. Influenced
                                                                                        1. Descartes
                                                                                      4. Age of enlightenment
                                                                                        1. Darkness of middle Ages
                                                                                        2. Thinkers
                                                                                          1. John Locke
                                                                                            1. Descartes
                                                                                              1. Voltaire
                                                                                                1. Immanuel Kant
                                                                                                  1. Adam Smith
                                                                                                  2. Principles
                                                                                                    1. Tolerance
                                                                                                      1. Reason
                                                                                                        1. Happiness
                                                                                                          1. New society
                                                                                                            1. Freedom
                                                                                                              1. Progress
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