ESL Approaches and Methods

Caitlin Hollis
Mind Map by Caitlin Hollis, updated more than 1 year ago
Caitlin Hollis
Created by Caitlin Hollis over 3 years ago
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Description

A mind map of what ESL Approaches and Methods means to me.

Resource summary

ESL Approaches and Methods
1 Grammar Based
1.1 teacher-centered emphasis on rules and structure of the target language
1.1.1 Sentence Structure
1.1.2 Writing Format
1.1.3 memorization
1.1.4 Not very meaningful
1.2 Stronger focus on reading, writing, and grammar. Less on language development.
1.3 Minimal Use of L1
1.4 Grammar Translated
1.4.1 Direct
1.4.1.1 Audolingual
2 Cognitive
2.1 This is extensive, explicit instruction in applying learning strategies to facilitate the student's cognitive development.
2.1.1 Should have differentiation
2.1.1.1 Model, Model, Model the expectations!
2.1.1.1.1 Anchor Charts
2.1.1.1.2 Graphic Organizers
2.1.1.1.3 Small Groups
2.1.2 Higher Thinking Skills
2.2 Strategy instruction with content-area instruction
2.2.1 The CALLA Method
2.2.1.1 Preparation
2.2.1.1.1 Content, language and learning strategy objectives
2.2.1.2 Presentation
2.2.1.2.1 teacher presents information and has visual or material support
2.2.1.3 Practice
2.2.1.3.1 students collaborate and use hands-on material to apply new knowledge
2.2.1.4 Evaluation
2.2.1.4.1 student reflect on their own learning
2.2.1.4.1.1 creates ownership
2.2.1.5 Expansion
2.2.1.5.1 students integrate the new concepts into their existing knowledge base
3 Communicative
3.1 Learning Language through and for communication
3.2 Comprehensible Input
3.3 Constructivism
3.3.1 structures of understanding
3.3.2 ZPD
3.4 Communication as the purpose of learning
3.5 student centered
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