Ethics - Moral Relativism

alicegepp
Mind Map by alicegepp, updated more than 1 year ago
alicegepp
Created by alicegepp about 6 years ago
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Philosophy & Ethics Mind Map on Ethics - Moral Relativism, created by alicegepp on 03/29/2014.
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Ethics - Moral Relativism
1 Moral Relativism - there are no universally valid moral principles and so there is no one true morality
2 Subjectivism - each person's values are relative to that person and so cannot be judged objectively
3 Plato - used his Theory of the Forms to explain his beliefs of objective and universal moral truths
4 Aristotle - we can be virtuous by looking at virtuous people and discovering how we can better develop our character
5 Cultural Relativism - what is right or wrong is dependant on the culture (diversity thesis)
5.1 e.g Muslim punishment (cutting of a man's hand for theft)
5.2 e.g arranged marriages
6 Descriptive Relativism - different cultures and societies have different ethical systems and so morality is relative
7 Reasons for Relativism - the decline of religious authority, understanding of different cultures, unacceptable effects of interfering with other cultures
8 Weaknesses of Relativism - cannot criticise other cultures (e.g The Holocaust), just because cultures vary does not mean that there is no absolute good (do not kill etc), does not allow societies to progress
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