The distinction between relations of ideas and matters of fact (Hume's fork) - the scope of each

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Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Alevel Philosophy (Hume) Mind Map on The distinction between relations of ideas and matters of fact (Hume's fork) - the scope of each, created by annamiddleton on 04/06/2014.

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annamiddleton
Created by annamiddleton over 5 years ago
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The distinction between relations of ideas and matters of fact (Hume's fork) - the scope of each
1 CONTEXT & SIGNIFICANCE: Section IV. Hume outlines what he sees as the two ways in which our thoughts might constitute knowledge, either as Relations of Ideas or Matters of Fact (distinction known as Hume's fork). All human knowledge falls into one category or another; no possibility of combination or a third category.
2 RELATIONS OF IDEAS: truths concerning ROA are discoverable 'by mere operation of thought without dependence on what is anywhere existent in the universe". Intuitivley/demonstratively certain and can't be doubted without self-contradiction. Geometry/algebra/arithmetic; "that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the square of two sides" "that five times three is equal to the half of thirty".
2.1 Known a priori, are analytic, and necessary.
3 MATTERS OF FACT: these claims to knowledge can only be justified by appeal to the testimony of sense experience and sentiments. Can be denied without self-contradiction; "the contrary of every matter of fact is still possible, because it can never imply a contradiction". "that the sun will not rise to-morrow is no less an intelligible proposition, and implies no more contradiction, that the affirmation, that it will rise."
3.1 Known a posteriori, are synthetic, and contingent.

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